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The ancient Scottish name Caudill was first used by the Strathclyde-Briton people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. The original bearer of the name lived in Renfrrewshire. This place-name may also be derived from the Old English words caeld, which means cold, and welle, which means well, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a well that gave cold water.

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The surname Caudill was first found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Frił), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, at the Caldwell Tower, a mansion and old estate that dates back to 1294. The current Caldwell Tower stands on a mound, and is a small, free-standing tower that was probably built in the 16th century. It was fully restored in 2011 with the addition of a small extension. Caldwell is also a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire. The Caudle variant may be related to a thickened and sweetened alcoholic hot drink so named. It was popular in the Middle Ages for its supposed medicinal properties and dates back to at least 1297.

The many spelling variations in Medieval Scottish names result from the fact that scribes in that era spelled words according to sound. Translation too, was an undeveloped science, and many names were altered into complete obscurity. Over the years Caudill has been spelled Caldwell, Coldwell, Caldwill, Cauldwell, Cauldwill, Cawldwell, Guildwell, Calewell, Caldewell and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caudill research. Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1342, 1500, 1628, 1679 and 1929 are included under the topic Early Caudill History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caudill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Caudill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape the uncertainties and discrimination faced in Scotland, many decided to head out for North America. Once they arrived, many Scots fought with relish in the American War of Independence; some went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Many ancestors of these Scots have recovered their lost national heritage in the 20th century through Clan organizations and Scottish historical societies. Among the settlers to North America were:

Caudill Settlers in United States in the 20th Century


  • Enrico Caudill, aged 27, who settled in Gagliano, in 1905
  • William H Caudill, aged 23, who settled in Fletcher Co., Kentucky in 1916
  • Kathleen Caudill, aged 4, who emigrated to Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Mollie Caudill, aged 38, who settled in Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Rebecca Caudill, aged 24, who emigrated to Portland, Tennessee, in 1924

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  • William Abel Caudill (1920-1972), American applied medical anthropologist, the first to identify the field of medical anthropology
  • Colonel Benjamin E. Caudill, American Confederate army officer who led Caudill's Army
  • Randall Caudill, American president and founder of Dunsford Hill Capital Partners, a San Francisco-based financial consulting firm
  • Harry M. Caudill (1922-1990), American author, historian, lawyer, legislator
  • Rebecca Caudill Ayars (1899-1985), American author of children's literature, eponym of the Rebecca Caudill Young Reader's Book Award
  • William Holland "Bill" Caudill (b. 1956), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1979 to 1987
  • W. C. Caudill, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1944; Member of Virginia State Senate, 1950
  • Samuel W. Caudill, American Republican politician, Candidate for West Virginia State House of Delegates from Raleigh County, 1934
  • Harry Monroe Caudill (b. 1922), American Democrat politician, Member of Kentucky State House of Representatives 92nd District, 1954-57, 1960-61; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Kentucky, 1960
  • E. L. Caudill Sr., American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Tennessee, 1952

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  1. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  2. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  4. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  5. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  6. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  7. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  9. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  10. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 1 February 2016 at 10:51.

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