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An excerpt from archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

The ancient Scottish name Caudill was first used by the Strathclyde-Briton people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. The original bearer of the name lived in Renfrrewshire. This place-name may also be derived from the Old English words caeld, which means cold, and welle, which means well, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a well that gave cold water.


The surname Caudill was first found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Frił), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, at the Caldwell Tower, a mansion and old estate that dates back to 1294. The current Caldwell Tower stands on a mound, and is a small, free-standing tower that was probably built in the 16th century. It was fully restored in 2011 with the addition of a small extension. Caldwell is also a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire. The Caudle variant may be related to a thickened and sweetened alcoholic hot drink so named. It was popular in the Middle Ages for its supposed medicinal properties and dates back to at least 1297.

The many spelling variations in Medieval Scottish names result from the fact that scribes in that era spelled words according to sound. Translation too, was an undeveloped science, and many names were altered into complete obscurity. Over the years Caudill has been spelled Caldwell, Coldwell, Caldwill, Cauldwell, Cauldwill, Cawldwell, Guildwell, Calewell, Caldewell and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caudill research. Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1342, 1500, 1628, 1679 and 1929 are included under the topic Early Caudill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caudill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Some of the Caudill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


To escape the uncertainties and discrimination faced in Scotland, many decided to head out for North Ameri ca. Once they arrived, many Scots fought with relish in the American War of Independence; some went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Many ancestors of these Scots have recovered their lost national heritage in the 20th century through Clan organizations and Scottish historical societies. Among the settlers to North America were:

Caudill Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Enrico Caudill, aged 27, who settled in Gagliano, in 1905
  • William H Caudill, aged 23, who settled in Fletcher Co., Kentucky in 1916
  • Kathleen Caudill, aged 4, who emigrated to Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Mollie Caudill, aged 38, who settled in Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Rebecca Caudill, aged 24, who emigrated to Portland, Tennessee, in 1924

  • William Abel Caudill (1920-1972), American applied medical anthropologist, the first to identify the field of medical anthropology
  • Colonel Benjamin E. Caudill, American Confederate army officer who led Caudill's Army
  • Randall Caudill, American president and founder of Dunsford Hill Capital Partners, a San Francisco-based financial consulting firm
  • Harry M. Caudill (1922-1990), American author, historian, lawyer, legislator
  • Rebecca Caudill Ayars (1899-1985), American author of children's literature, eponym of the Rebecca Caudill Young Reader's Book Award
  • William Holland "Bill" Caudill (b. 1956), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1979 to 1987
  • W. C. Caudill, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1944; Member of Virginia State Senate, 1950
  • Samuel W. Caudill, American Republican politician, Candidate for West Virginia State House of Delegates from Raleigh County, 1934
  • Harry Monroe Caudill (b. 1922), American Democrat politician, Member of Kentucky State House of Representatives 92nd District, 1954-57, 1960-61; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Kentucky, 1960
  • E. L. Caudill Sr., American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Tennessee, 1952
  • ...



    Other References

    1. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
    2. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
    3. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
    4. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
    5. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    6. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
    7. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    8. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
    9. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    10. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    11. ...

    This page was last modified on 3 July 2016 at 10:09.

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