The illustrious surname Swynnerton is classified as a habitation surname, which was originally derived from a place-name, and is one form of surname belonging to a broader group called hereditary surnames
. Habitation names were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names, form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree.
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Swynnerton is a place-name from the place-name Swynnerton, a village and civil parish in Staffordshire
. The family was an "ancient knightly family of Staffordshire
, descended from Sir Roger de Swynnerton, lord of the manor of Swynnerton during the reign of Edward I." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Two other records were found of the family about the same time: Robert de Swinnerton, Staffordshire; and John de Swynnerton, Derbyshire
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early Origins of the Swynnerton family
The surname Swynnerton was first found in Staffordshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of Swinnerton, and were at a very early period, after the Norman Conquest
in 1066, of knightly and baronial degree. Count Alanus, Duke of Bretegne, and the nephew of William the Conqueror held Swinnerton.
Barrow in Cheshire was an ancient family seat at one time. "[Barrow] was given by Ranulph, Earl of Chester, to his nephew William de Albini, Earl of Arundel. The two manors were at a later period possessed by the Despencers, and, after their attainder, were granted by Edward III. to Sir Roger de Swinerton, an heiress of whose family brought them, in marriage, to Sir John Savage, who was knighted by Henry V. at the battle of Agincourt." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Swynnerton Hall is an 18th-century country mansion house which was held by the family for centuries. One of the earliest records of this family was Thomas Swynnerton of Swynnerton Hall and Hilton Hall, Staffordshire, father of Humphrey Swynnerton (ca. 1516-1562), English politician and landholder.
Early History of the Swynnerton family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Swynnerton research.Another 160 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1340, 1450, 1602, 1612, 1563, 1609, 1322, 1361, 1349, 1427, 1391, 1392, 1449, 1501, 1616, 1601, 1611, 1612, 1554, 1515 and 1519 are included under the topic Early Swynnerton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Swynnerton Spelling Variations
Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton
surnames have many spelling variations
. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
after the Norman Conquest
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Swinnerton, Swinerton, Swinnertone, Swinertone and others.
Early Notables of the Swynnerton family (pre 1700)
Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was Sir John de Swynnerton, High Sheriff
in 1322; John de Swynnerton of Hilton, High Sheriff
in 1361; and his son, John Swynnerton (c.1349-1427), High Sheriff
Humphrey Swynnerton of Swynnerton was High Sheriff
in 1449, as was John Swynnerton in 1501. Sir John Swynnerton (died 1616) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1601 and 1611 and was... Another 80 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Swynnerton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Swynnerton family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Swynnerton, or a variant listed above: Job Swinnerton who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1640.
Contemporary Notables of the name Swynnerton (post 1700)
- Charles Francis Massy Swynnerton CMG (b. 1877), English naturalist noted for his contributions to tsetse fly research
- Annie Louisa Robinson Swynnerton (1844-1933), English painter of allegorical, figure and portrait paintings
- Hugh Swynnerton Thomas (1931-2017), Baron Thomas of Swynnerton, an English historian, writer and life peer in the House of Lords
Swynnerton Family Crest Products
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.