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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Spikes family come from? What is the English Spikes family crest and coat of arms? When did the Spikes family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Spikes family history?

Spikes is a name that first reached England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the Norman given name Espec.


Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Spikes family name include Speak, Speck, Speake, Speke and others.

First found in Lancashire where a Norman noble Le Espec was an under tenant of Roger de Poitou, and was granted the lands of Speke outside Liverpool in Lancashire. Soon after the taking of the Domesday Book in 1086, a descendant, Richard Le Espec acquired the manors of Wenworthy and Brampton Speke in the county of Devon, [1] which he held from Robert Fitzroy of Oakhampton. His descendent, William Le Espec married and acquired the estates of Gervois.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Spikes research. Another 213 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1592, 1661, 1661, 1653, 1683, 1675, 1681, 1681 and 1683 are included under the topic Early Spikes History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 97 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Spikes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Spikes family to immigrate North America:

Spikes Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Joseph Spikes, aged 32, who emigrated to Detroit, Mich., in 1911

Spikes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • George Spikes, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia


  • Dolores Margaret Richard Spikes (1936-2015), American mathematician and academic, President of the University of Maryland Eastern Shore, from 1997 to 2001
  • John Curry Spikes (1881-1955), American jazz musician and entrepreneur
  • Benjamin Franklin "Reb" Spikes (1888-1982), American jazz saxophonist and entrepreneur


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  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.

Other References

  1. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  2. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  4. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  5. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  6. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  7. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  11. ...

The Spikes Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Spikes Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 1 September 2015 at 09:45.

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