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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The surname Saltonstall was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Saltonstall has been recorded under many different variations, including Saltonstall, Salton, Saltonston and others.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Saltonstall research. Another 254 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1517, 1586, 1600, 1630, 1639, 1661, 1692, and 1707 are included under the topic Early Saltonstall History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Notables of the family at this time include Richard Saltonstall (1517-1600), Lord Mayor of London. His nephew Sir Richard Saltonstall (1586-1661) led a group of English settlers up the Charles River to settle in what is now Watertown, Massachusetts in 1630. Sir Richard's...

Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Saltonstall Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Saltonstall or a variant listed above:

Saltonstall Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Andrew Hutchins Mickle Saltonstall of Berkeley Springs who settled in West Virginia about 1630
  • Sir Richard Saltonstall (1586-1661) who settled in Watertown Massachusetts in 1630 with his five children, Richard, Samuel, Robert, Rosamund and Grace, and servants
  • Sir Rich Saltonstall, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1630
  • Sir Richard Saltonstall, who landed in New England in 1630
  • Richard Saltonstall, who arrived in New England in 1630
  • ...

  • Richard Saltonstall Greenough (1819-1904), American sculptor
  • Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard (1802-1886), American fur trader, insurance underwriter and land speculator from Chicago
  • Leverett Saltonstall (1892-1979), Republican Governor of Massachusetts and U.S. Senator
  • Dudley Saltonstall (1738-1796), American Naval commander during the Revolutionary War
  • Leverett Saltonstall I (1783-1845), Massachusetts politician

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Teneo tenuere majores
Motto Translation: I hold (what) my ancestors held.


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    Other References

    1. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
    2. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
    3. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    4. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
    6. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
    7. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    8. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    10. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    11. ...

    The Saltonstall Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Saltonstall Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 6 June 2014 at 22:21.

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