The ancient roots of the Roysdon family name are in the Anglo-Saxon
culture. The name Roysdon comes from when the family lived in Roydon, places found in Essex
. The place-name Roydon is derived from the Old English elements rygen,
which means rye, and dun,
which means hill. The place-name as a whole translates as "hill where rye is grown." Roydon in Essex
was recorded in the Domesday Book
as Ruindune; Roydon in Norfolk
was recorded in that document as Regadona. The Domesday Book
was a survey of England
ordered by King WIlliam the Conqueror, the first Norman King of England
, in 1086. It was used to reassess the Danegeld (the tax system in place at the time) and as a reference for the settlement of property disputes.
Early Origins of the Roysdon family
The surname Roysdon was first found in Suffolk
but other branches of the family were located elsewhere. By example, Rowton is a small village located seven miles north of Wellington, Shropshire
. It dates back to at least the Domesday Book
where it was recorded as Rugheton. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
The Battle of Rowton Heath was fought between the forces of the parliament and those of King Charles on 24 September 1645 during the English Civil War.
"On Rowton Heath was fought the important battle between the forces of the parliament and those of King Charles, which proved so fatal to the brave Earl of Lichfield, and so disastrous to his royal master; here, also, the Cheshire gentry assembled and declared for a free parliament, on the attempt of Sir George Booth to restore Charles II., in 1659." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Rowton Castle is a Grade II listed country house near Shrewsbury in Shropshire. The present castle was built in the 17th century, although a previous castle named Rowton Castle had stood on the site for several hundred years previously. As of 1986, it has been a luxury hotel.
Early History of the Roysdon family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roysdon research.Another 194 words (14 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Roysdon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Roysdon Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations
under which the name Roysdon has appeared include Royden, Roydon, Rowton, Rowden and others.
Early Notables of the Roysdon family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Roysdon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Roysdon family to Ireland
Some of the Roysdon family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Roysdon family to the New World and Oceana
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England
was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England
at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Roysdon arrived in North America very early: William Royden arrived in west New Jersey in 1664; Robert Rowden settled in Virginia in 1657; Thomas Rowden settled in Philadelphia in 1774.
Contemporary Notables of the name Roysdon (post 1700)
- Emily Roysdon (b. 1977), American artist and writer, currently a Professor of Art at Konstfack in Stockholm, Sweden