The name Roydan has a long Anglo-Saxon
heritage. The name comes from when a family lived in Roydon, places found in Essex
. The place-name Roydon is derived from the Old English elements rygen,
which means rye, and dun,
which means hill. The place-name as a whole translates as "hill where rye is grown." Roydon in Essex
was recorded in the Domesday Book
as Ruindune; Roydon in Norfolk
was recorded in that document as Regadona. The Domesday Book
was a survey of England
ordered by King WIlliam the Conqueror, the first Norman King of England
, in 1086. It was used to reassess the Danegeld (the tax system in place at the time) and as a reference for the settlement of property disputes.
Early Origins of the Roydan family
The surname Roydan was first found in Suffolk
but other branches of the family were located elsewhere. By example, Rowton is a small village located seven miles north of Wellington, Shropshire
. It dates back to at least the Domesday Book
where it was recorded as Rugheton. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
The Battle of Rowton Heath was fought between the forces of the parliament and those of King Charles on 24 September 1645 during the English Civil War.
"On Rowton Heath was fought the important battle between the forces of the parliament and those of King Charles, which proved so fatal to the brave Earl of Lichfield, and so disastrous to his royal master; here, also, the Cheshire gentry assembled and declared for a free parliament, on the attempt of Sir George Booth to restore Charles II., in 1659." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Rowton Castle is a Grade II listed country house near Shrewsbury in Shropshire. The present castle was built in the 17th century, although a previous castle named Rowton Castle had stood on the site for several hundred years previously. As of 1986, it has been a luxury hotel.
Early History of the Roydan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roydan research.Another 73 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1583, 1646, 1610, 1614, 1614, 1580 and 1622 are included under the topic Early Roydan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Roydan Spelling Variations
in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Roydan have been found, including Royden, Roydon, Rowton, Rowden and others.
Early Notables of the Roydan family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir Marmaduke Roydon (1583-1646), English merchant-adventurer, son of Ralph Roydon or Rawdon of Rawden Brandesby in Yorkshire
. At sixteen years of age he went to London, where he was apprenticed to Daniel Hall, a Bordeaux merchant, who sent him as his factor to France. He returned to London about 1610 and was elected a common councilman. Soon afterwards he was presented with the freedom of the Clothworkers' Company, and made captain of the city... Another 81 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Roydan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Roydan family to the New World and Oceana
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England
. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England
, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Roydan, or a variant listed above: William Royden arrived in west New Jersey in 1664; Robert Rowden settled in Virginia in 1657; Thomas Rowden settled in Philadelphia in 1774.
Roydan Family Crest Products
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.