It was among those Anglo-Saxon
tribes that once ruled over Britain that the name Raynair was formed. The name was derived from the baptismal name Rainer,
which was taken from the Old Germanic name Raginhari
which means counsel
Baptismal names began to appear as surnames relatively late in the growth of the naming tradition. This is a little surprising, given the popularity of biblical figures in the Christian countries of Europe. Nevertheless, surnames derived from baptismal names grew in popularity during the Middle Ages, and have become one of the foremost sources for surnames.
Early Origins of the Raynair family
The surname Raynair was first found in Herefordshire
. The name was first recorded as Raynerus (Rainerus), a tenant
in chief in the Domesday Book
of 1086. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
A few years later Reynerus cancellarius was listed in Norfolk
in 1101-1125 and Ricardus filius
Rainer was listed at Winton in Hampshire
in 1148. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list the name as a personal name: Reyner le Blake in Norfolk; and Reyner Custance in Norfolk
. The Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 list Anabilla Rayner and Thomas Rayner. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Raynair family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Raynair research.Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1400, 1600 and 1668 are included under the topic Early Raynair History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Raynair Spelling Variations
Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred
years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations
in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon
and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Raynair include Rayners, Rainor, Rayner, Raynor, Rainer, Raynar, Rainyer, Reyner, Rauner, Raener, Rainar, Raynere, Raynars, Raynors, Raynore, Raynare, Raynair and many more.
Early Notables of the Raynair family (pre 1700)
Another 18 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Raynair Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Raynair family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England
at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Raynair were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records: Mary Rainer and her husband James settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767; John, Peter and Phillip Rainer arrived in Pennsylvania between 1772 and 1851.