The Rainyer name is an important part of the history of the ancient Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. Rainyer is derived from the baptismal name Rainer,
which was taken from the Old Germanic name Raginhari
which means counsel
Baptismal names began to appear as surnames relatively late in the growth of the naming tradition. This is a little surprising, given the popularity of biblical figures in the Christian countries of Europe. Nevertheless, surnames derived from baptismal names grew in popularity during the Middle Ages, and have become one of the foremost sources for surnames.
Early Origins of the Rainyer family
The surname Rainyer was first found in Herefordshire
. The name was first recorded as Raynerus (Rainerus), a tenant
in chief in the Domesday Book
of 1086. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
A few years later Reynerus cancellarius was listed in Norfolk
in 1101-1125 and Ricardus filius
Rainer was listed at Winton in Hampshire
in 1148. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list the name as a personal name: Reyner le Blake in Norfolk; and Reyner Custance in Norfolk
. The Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 list Anabilla Rayner and Thomas Rayner. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Rainyer family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rainyer research.Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1400, 1600 and 1668 are included under the topic Early Rainyer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rainyer Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon
surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Rainyer were recorded, including Rayners, Rainor, Rayner, Raynor, Rainer, Raynar, Rainyer, Reyner, Rauner, Raener, Rainar, Raynere, Raynars, Raynors, Raynore, Raynare, Raynair and many more.
Early Notables of the Rainyer family (pre 1700)
Another 18 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rainyer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainyer family to the New World and Oceana
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Rainyer family emigrate to North America: Mary Rainer and her husband James settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767; John, Peter and Phillip Rainer arrived in Pennsylvania between 1772 and 1851.