The Rainaire surname finds its earliest origins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture of Britain. Their name is derived from the baptismal name Rainer,
which was taken from the Old Germanic name Raginhari
which means counsel
Baptismal names began to appear as surnames relatively late in the growth of the naming tradition. This is a little surprising, given the popularity of biblical figures in the Christian countries of Europe. Nevertheless, surnames derived from baptismal names grew in popularity during the Middle Ages, and have become one of the foremost sources for surnames.
Early Origins of the Rainaire family
The surname Rainaire was first found in Herefordshire
. The name was first recorded as Raynerus (Rainerus), a tenant
in chief in the Domesday Book
of 1086. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
A few years later Reynerus cancellarius was listed in Norfolk
in 1101-1125 and Ricardus filius
Rainer was listed at Winton in Hampshire
in 1148. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list the name as a personal name: Reyner le Blake in Norfolk; and Reyner Custance in Norfolk
. The Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 list Anabilla Rayner and Thomas Rayner. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Rainaire family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rainaire research.Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1400, 1600 and 1668 are included under the topic Early Rainaire History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rainaire Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon
surnames like Rainaire are characterized by many spelling variations
. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Rainaire include: Rayners, Rainor, Rayner, Raynor, Rainer, Raynar, Rainyer, Reyner, Rauner, Raener, Rainar, Raynere, Raynars, Raynors, Raynore, Raynare, Raynair and many more.
Early Notables of the Rainaire family (pre 1700)
Another 18 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rainaire Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rainaire family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Rainaire or a variant listed above: Mary Rainer and her husband James settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767; John, Peter and Phillip Rainer arrived in Pennsylvania between 1772 and 1851.