The origins of the Welsh
name Raikes go back to the ancient Celtic culture that existed in the hills and Moors
. The forbears that initially held the name Raikes once lived near a pass or narrow valley. The surname Raikes is derived from the Old English word hraca, which means throat. The surname Raikes belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. However, the surname Raikes may be derived from residence at The Rake in Sussex
, at Raikes Farm in Surrey
, or at Raikes in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. In this case, the surname Raikes belongs to the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Raikes family
The surname Raikes was first found in Lincolnshire
, where they held a family seat
from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the Raikes family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Raikes research.Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1690 and 1757 are included under the topic Early Raikes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Raikes Spelling Variations
Although there are comparatively few Welsh
surnames, they have a great many spelling variations
. Variations of Welsh
names began almost immediately after their acceptance within Welsh
society. In the Middle Ages, it was up to priests and the few other people that recorded names in official documents to decide how to spell the names that they heard. Variations that occurred because of improper recording increased dramatically as the names were later transliterated into English. The Brythonic Celtic
language of Wales
, known by natives as Cymraeg, featured many highly inflected sounds that could not be properly captured by the English language. Spelling variations
were, however, also carried out according to an individual's design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations were all indicated by the particular variation of one's name. The spelling variations
of the name Raikes have included Raikes, Raike, Raik, Rakes, Rake and others.
Early Notables of the Raikes family (pre 1700)
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Raikes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Raikes family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Raikes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- G. Raikes, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "St. Leonards" in 1877
Contemporary Notables of the name Raikes (post 1700)
- Robert Raikes the Younger (1736-1811), English philanthropist and Anglican layman
- General Robert Napier Raikes (1813-1909), British General of the Remount responsible for the provision of horses throughout the Indian army
- Major Cyril Probyn Napier Raikes (1875-1963), British Military Cross recipient from Swanmore, Hampshire
- Sir Henry Victor Alpin MacKinnon Raikes (1901-1986), British Conservative politician
- Lucinda Raikes (b. 1975), British actor
- Vicar Henry Raikes (1782-1854), English Chancellor of the diocese of Chester
The Raikes Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Honestum praeferre utili
Motto Translation: To prefer the honest to the profitable.