The origins of the Welsh
name Raik go back to the ancient Celtic culture that existed in the hills and Moors
. The forbears that initially held the name Raik once lived near a pass or narrow valley. The surname Raik is derived from the Old English word hraca, which means throat. The surname Raik belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. However, the surname Raik may be derived from residence at The Rake in Sussex
, at Raikes Farm in Surrey
, or at Raikes in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. In this case, the surname Raik belongs to the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Raik family
The surname Raik was first found in Lincolnshire
, where they held a family seat
from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the Raik family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Raik research.Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1690 and 1757 are included under the topic Early Raik History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Raik Spelling Variations
surnames are relatively few in number, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations
. There are many factors that explain the preponderance of Welsh
variants, but the earliest is found during the Middle Ages when Welsh
surnames came into use. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, which often resulted in a single person's name being inconsistently recorded over his lifetime. The transliteration of Welsh
names into English also accounts for many of the spelling variations: the unique Brythonic Celtic
language of the Welsh
had many sounds the English language was incapable of accurately reproducing. It was also common for members of a same surname to change their names slightly, in order to signify a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations. For all of these reasons, the many spelling variations
of particular Welsh
names are very important. The surname Raik has occasionally been spelled Raikes, Raike, Raik, Rakes, Rake and others.
Early Notables of the Raik family (pre 1700)
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Raik Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Raik family to the New World and Oceana
migration to North America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed greatly to its rapid development. These migrants were in search of land, work, and freedom. Those Welsh
families that survived the long ocean journey were critical to the development of new industries and factories, and to the quick settlement of land. They also added to an ever-growing rich cultural heritage. A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Raik: Andrew Rakes, who came to Barbados in 1654; Phyllis Rakes and her husband settled in Antigua in 1684; Weston Rakes settled in Virginia in 1752.
The Raik Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Honestum praeferre utili
Motto Translation: To prefer the honest to the profitable.