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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The origins of the Welsh name Rack go back to the ancient Celtic culture that existed in the hills and Moors of Wales. The forbears that initially held the name Rack once lived near a pass or narrow valley. The surname Rack is derived from the Old English word hraca, which means throat. The surname Rack belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. However, the surname Rack may be derived from residence at The Rake in Sussex, at Raikes Farm in Surrey, or at Raikes in the West Riding of Yorkshire. In this case, the surname Rack belongs to the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.

Rack Early Origins



The surname Rack was first found in Lincolnshire, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

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Rack Spelling Variations


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Rack Spelling Variations



Although there are comparatively few Welsh surnames, they have a great many spelling variations. Variations of Welsh names began almost immediately after their acceptance within Welsh society. In the Middle Ages, it was up to priests and the few other people that recorded names in official documents to decide how to spell the names that they heard. Variations that occurred because of improper recording increased dramatically as the names were later transliterated into English. The Brythonic Celtic language of Wales, known by natives as Cymraeg, featured many highly inflected sounds that could not be properly captured by the English language. Spelling variations were, however, also carried out according to an individual's design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations were all indicated by the particular variation of one's name. The spelling variations of the name Rack have included Raikes, Raike, Raik, Rakes, Rake and others.

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Rack Early History


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Rack Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rack research. Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1690 and 1757 are included under the topic Early Rack History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Rack Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Rack Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rack Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Many Welsh joined the great migrations to North America in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Like their Scottish and Irish neighbors, many Welsh families left their homeland hoping to find hope and prosperity in a land that the English did not exercise a tight rule over. Those Welsh immigrants that successfully traveled to North America went on to make significant contributions to the rapid development of both Canada and the United States in terms of the settling of land and the establishment of industry. They also added to the rich cultural heritage of both countries. An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Rack:

Rack Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Isaack Rack, who landed in Virginia in 1655

Rack Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Miles Rack, who landed in Virginia in 1702
  • Christr Rack, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1765

Rack Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Peter Rack, who arrived in America in 1854
  • Phil Rack, who landed in America in 1854
  • Rosa Rack, aged 40, arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1893
  • Johann Rack, aged 50, arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1893

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Contemporary Notables of the name Rack (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Rack (post 1700)



  • Joseph Rack, American politician, Industrial Candidate for U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania at-large, 1920

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Honestum praeferre utili
Motto Translation: To prefer the honest to the profitable.


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Rack Family Crest Products


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Rack Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    2. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    3. Davies, R. R. The Age of Conquest: Wales, 1063-1415. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print.
    4. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
    5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    6. Thirsk, Joan ed. Et. Al. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
    7. Bradsley C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print.
    8. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    9. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    10. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    11. ...

    The Rack Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Rack Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 9 November 2015 at 11:17.

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