The Norman Conquest
in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Pykeney family lived in Northampton
. Their name, however, is a reference to Picquigny,
in Somme, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Early Origins of the Pykeney family
The surname Pykeney was first found in Northampton
where the family claim descent from Gilo de Pincheni, who lived in the reign of Henry I. He was granted by the monks of St. Lucien in France lands at Wedon. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Wulfhere, the first Christian king of Mercia, had a palace here, which, after his death, was converted by his daughter Werburgh into a nunnery, of which she became abbess, and which was destroyed by the Danes in the ninth century. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Ansculfus de Pinchengi was listed in the Domesday Book
of 1086 as holding lands in Berkshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Early History of the Pykeney family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pykeney research.Another 329 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1303, 1599 and 1674 are included under the topic Early Pykeney History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pykeney Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Pinkney, Pinckney, Pinkley, Pinkly, Pinkie and others.
Early Notables of the Pykeney family (pre 1700)
Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pykeney Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pykeney family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Pykeney or a variant listed above: Henry Pinkie settled in Virginia in 1619.