Prosser History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Welsh name Prosser is a patronymic surname created from the Welsh personal name Rosser, which also took the form Rhosier. The surname Prosser was originally ap-Rosser or ap-Rhosier: the distinctive Welsh patronymic prefix "ab" or "ap," means "son of," but the prefix has been assimilated into the surname over the course of time. There has also been suggestion that the name is a Welsh transformation of the Gaelic name "Mac Ruaidhri."

Early Origins of the Prosser family

The surname Prosser was first found in Herefordshire, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects. The form Rosser was found in Chancery, where a Morres Rosser was recorded in Wales in 1100, in the "Calendar of Proceedings in Chancery" published during the reign of Elizabeth I in the 16th century.

Early History of the Prosser family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Prosser research. Another 106 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1200 and 1237 are included under the topic Early Prosser History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Prosser Spelling Variations

The Welsh have an extremely large amount of spelling variations of their native surnames to their credit. It was up to the priest or the scribe taking the official records to determine how the spoken name was to be made literal. As time progressed, the old Brythonic names of Wales were recorded in English, which was especially problematic since the English language had extreme difficulty recording the highly inflected sounds of Cymraeg. Spelling variations were, however, also carried out according to an individual's design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The spelling variations of the name Prosser have included Prosser, Prousser, Proser, Prouser, Prossar, Rosser, Roser, Rossear and many more.

Early Notables of the Prosser family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Prosser Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Prosser Ranking

In the United States, the name Prosser is the 4,085th most popular surname with an estimated 7,461 people with that name. [1]


United States Prosser migration to the United States +

North America in the 1800s and 1900s saw the arrival of many Welsh people hoping to share in the wealth of land, work, and freedom that they felt North America held. Those who made the journey often attained those expectations, but only through an enormous amount of hard work, perseverance, and often a bout of good luck. These immigrants helped contribute to the growth of industry, commerce, and culture of both Canada and the United States. Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Prosser:

Prosser Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Jane Prosser, who arrived in Virginia in 1628 [2]
  • George Prosser, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Morris Prosser, who landed in Virginia in 1638 [2]
  • William Prosser, who settled in Virginia in 1654
  • Phillip Prosser, who landed in Virginia in 1658 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Prosser Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Elis Prosser, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [2]
  • Anthony Prosser, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [2]
  • Jonathan Prosser, who arrived in America in 1765 [2]
Prosser Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Prosser, aged 27, who landed in New York in 1812 [2]
  • Francis H Prosser, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1866 [2]
  • William Prosser, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1869 [2]
  • Owen Prosser, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1870 [2]
  • George Prosser, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1870 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Prosser migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Prosser Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mary Prosser, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Richard Prosser U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [3]

Australia Prosser migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Prosser Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Prosser, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Experiment" on 4th December 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Mr. Thomas Prosser, (b. 1779), aged 28, Welsh labourer who was convicted in Brecon (Brecknock), Powys, Wales for life, transported aboard the "Duke of Portland" in January 1807, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • James Prosser, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Agincourt" on July 6, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]
  • Caroline Prosser, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1847 [7]
  • Charles John Prosser, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1847 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Prosser migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Prosser Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. George Prosser, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Prince Alfred" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand in 1858 [8]
  • Mr. Prosser, Australian settler travelling from Melbourne, Victoria aboard the ship "Dunedin" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 18th December 1861 [9]
  • William Prosser, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • Joseph Prosser, aged 34, a cabinet maker, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Eveline" in 1865
  • Mary Prosser, aged 28, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Eveline" in 1865
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Prosser migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [10]
Prosser Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Prosser, who settled in Barbados in 1634
  • Thomas Prosser, aged 20, who landed in Barbados in 1634 [2]
  • Mr. Thmoas Prosser, (b. 1614), aged 20, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Hopewell" arriving in Barbados on 17th February 1634 [2]

Contemporary Notables of the name Prosser (post 1700) +

  • Major-General Walter Evans Prosser (1882-1981), American Commanding General Central Signal Unit Training Center in 1945 [11]
  • David Prosser Jr. (b. 1942), American justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court
  • Hugh Prosser (1900-1952), American Hollywood actor
  • Reese Trego Prosser (1927-1996), American mathematician
  • William Farrand Prosser (1834-1911), American soldier and politician, a Union Colonel in the American Civil War, and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee
  • William H. Prosser, American Republican politician, Mayor of Altoona, Pennsylvania, 1964 [12]
  • Joseph F. Prosser, American Democratic Party politician, Postmaster at Cleveland, Ohio, 1949-54 (acting, 1949-50) [12]
  • George Henry Prosser (b. 1867), American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Adelaide, 1907-11 [12]
  • Earl W. Prosser, American politician, Member of Michigan Prohibition Party State Central Committee, 1947 [12]
  • David T. Prosser Jr. (b. 1942), American Republican politician, Member of Wisconsin State Assembly, 1979-96; Speaker of the Wisconsin State Assembly, 1995-96; Justice of Wisconsin State Supreme Court, 1998- [12]
  • ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Prosser, British Air Mechanician, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [13]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. William Prosser (b. 1885), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died


Suggested Readings for the name Prosser +

  • Bachelder of Alamo (also Prosser Family) by Glen L. Bachelder.

  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel-and-experiment
  5. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/duke-of-portland
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Agincourt voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 226 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agincourt/1844
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) DAVID MALCOLM 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847DavidMalcolm.htm
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2014, March 26) Walter Prosser. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Prosser/Walter_Evans/USA.html
  12. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 9) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  13. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html


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