Early Origins of the Portlock family
Dorset at the Isle of Portland, a limestone tied island, 6 kilometers (4 mi) long by 2.4 kilometers (1.5 mi) wide, in the English Channel. The island was first listed as simply Port in the 9th century, but by 862 it was listed as Portlande and later as Porland in the Domesday Book of 1086. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Portland, held by the King's steward who was recorded in the Domesday Book. It is generally believed that the island has been inhabited since at least the Mesolithic period as there is archaeological evidence of Mesolithic inhabitants at the Culverwell Mesolithic Site.
Historically it has been a great source of limestone as Sir Christopher Wren, the architect and Member of Parliament for nearby Weymouth, used six million tons of white Portland limestone to rebuild destroyed parts of London after the Great Fire of London of 1666.
Porlock is a parish and small port, and formerly a market-town, in the union of Williton, hundred of Carhampton in Somerset. "This place, which derives its name from the Saxon Portlocan, 'an inclosed harbour,' is of considerable antiquity, having been a residence of the West Saxon kings, who had an extensive chase here. About the year 918, a band of pirates entered the harbour; but the greater number were slain by the inhabitants, and the rest escaping to the island of Steepholmes, died of hunger. In 1052, Harold, son of Earl Godwin, having sailed from Ireland with nine ships, entered Porlock bay, and, being unsuccessfully opposed by the inhabitants, slew great numbers, set fire to the town, and carried off much booty. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Early History of the Portlock family
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Portlock Spelling Variations
Spelling variations of this family name include: Portland, Pertland, Portlan and others.
Early Notables of the Portlock family (pre 1700)
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Migration of the Portlock family to Ireland
Some of the Portlock family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 74 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Portlock family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Portlock Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Historic Events for the Portlock family
Portlock Family Crest Products