Pinkney History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Pinkney reached England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Pinkney family lived in "Pinkeny, Pinkenay, or Pinquigny, now Picuigny, a town in Picardy, in the neighbourhood of Amiens, that in later times was erected into a Duchy for the honour of Chaulnes. A castle that had existed there as early as the eighth century became the head of a barony that gave its name to one of the greatest houses in the North of France, maternally derived from Charlemagne (Bouquet, Ord. Vit.). Many of the nobles of Picardy followed the Conqueror, and among them were several of the De Picquignys. William Fitz Ansculph is one of the great landowners of Domesday, holding eleven baronies in different counties, comprising one hundred manors ; many of them inherited from his father Ansculph, Viscount of Surrey, who had died before 1086 : and from two other passages in the same record, it is ascertained that their name was ' Pinchingi.' " [1]

Another source claims the family is from Picquigny, in Somme, Normandy. [2]

Early Origins of the Pinkney family

The surname Pinkney was first found in Northampton where the family claim descent from Gilo de Pincheni, who lived in the reign of Henry I. He was granted by the monks of St. Lucien in France lands at Wedon. [3]

Wulfhere, the first Christian king of Mercia, had a palace here, which, after his death, was converted by his daughter Werburgh into a nunnery, of which she became abbess, and which was destroyed by the Danes in the ninth century. [4]

Ansculfus de Pinchengi was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as holding lands in Berkshire. [5]

"' Gilo frater Ansculfi,' is also entered in Domesday as holding in capite in four counties ; in Northamptonshire his barony of Wedon was called from him Wedon-Pinkney, and in the time of his grandson Gilbert was certified to consist of fourteen and a half knights' fees. He founded a cell to the French monastery of St. Lucien at his caput honoris of Wedon. His descendant Robert de Pinkeney incurred forfeiture by taking part in the rebellion against King John, who bestowed his barony on Waleran Tyes ; but, like most of the other malcontents, was restored to favour and fortune on the accession of Henry III. Henry de Pinkeney and his son Robert were both engaged in the Welsh wars ; the former had a writ of military summons to serve against Llewellyn in 1264 ; and the latter, " being in the King's service in Wales 10 Edward I., had scutage of all his tenants by military service in the counties of Northampton, Bucks, Bedford, Essex, Hens, Warwick, Oxford, Berks, Suffolk, Norfolk, and Somerset :"-implying a wide range of possessions. He afterwards followed the King on his expedition to Gascony. We next come upon a blot on the family 'Sir John de Pinkeney was hanged in 1292 for certain thefts and depredations, and his lands seized by the King, and delivered to Sir Robert de Pinkeney, against whom Hugh de Odingsells claimed them, together with half the manor of Long Itchingham in Warwickshire, by gift of Sir John. This Sir Robert has been generally considered the son of Sir John, but there is abundant evidence to prove that he was Sir Robert Pinkeney of Wedon, the Lord of the Fee.' " [1]

Early History of the Pinkney family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pinkney research. Another 166 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1303, 1599 and 1674 are included under the topic Early Pinkney History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pinkney Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Pinkney include Pinkney, Pinckney, Pinkley, Pinkly, Pinkie and others.

Early Notables of the Pinkney family (pre 1700)

Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pinkney Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pinkney Ranking

In the United States, the name Pinkney is the 4,768th most popular surname with an estimated 4,974 people with that name. [6]


United States Pinkney migration to the United States +

In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Pinkneys to arrive on North American shores:

Pinkney Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Michaell Pinkney, who landed in America in 1654-1679 [7]
  • Mary Pinkney, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [7]
Pinkney Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Robert Pinkney, aged 36, who arrived in New York in 1812 [7]
  • James M Pinkney, aged 20, who landed in New York, NY in 1847 [7]
  • E S Pinkney, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [7]

Australia Pinkney migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Pinkney Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Samuel William Pinkney, aged 27, a carpenter, who arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Nimroud"

Contemporary Notables of the name Pinkney (post 1700) +

  • William Pinkney (1764-1822), American statesman and diplomat, eponym of the Monroe-Pinkney Treaty
  • Ninian Pinkney (1811-1877), U.S. Navy medical director, active during the American Civil War
  • Fayette Pinkney (1948-2009), American singer
  • Edward Coote Pinkney (1802-1828), American poet, lawyer, sailor, professor, and editor
  • Edward Coate Pinkney, American poet, lawyer, arts professor
  • Bill Pinkney (1925-2007), American performer and singer, member of The Drifters
  • William Pinkney (1764-1822), American politician, Mayor of Annapolis, Maryland, 1795-1800; U.S. Minister to Great Britain, 1808-11; Russia, 1816-18; Member of Maryland State Senate from Western Shore, 1811 [8]
  • Percy Pinkney, American Democratic Party politician, Member, Platform Committee, Democratic National Convention, 2008 [8]
  • Daniel J. Pinkney, American politician, Delegate to Illinois State Constitutional Convention from Ogle County, 1847 [8]
  • Betty K. Pinkney, American Democratic Party politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 2008 [8]
  • ... (Another 1 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 3 of 3
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  6. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 21) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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