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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The name Pinkney reached England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Pinkney family lived in Northampton. Their name, however, is a reference to Picquigny, in Somme, Normandy, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. [1]


The surname Pinkney was first found in Northampton where the family claim descent from Gilo de Pincheni, who lived in the reign of Henry I. He was granted by the monks of St. Lucien in France lands at Wedon. [2] Wulfhere, the first Christian king of Mercia, had a palace here, which, after his death, was converted by his daughter Werburgh into a nunnery, of which she became abbess, and which was destroyed by the Danes in the ninth century. [3] Ansculfus de Pinchengi was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as holding lands in Berkshire. [4]

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Pinkney include Pinkney, Pinckney, Pinkley, Pinkly, Pinkie and others.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pinkney research. Another 329 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1303, 1599 and 1674 are included under the topic Early Pinkney History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pinkney Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Pinkneys to arrive on North American shores:

Pinkney Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Michaell Pinkney, who landed in America in 1654-1679
  • Mary Pinkney, who arrived in Maryland in 1678

Pinkney Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Pinkney, aged 36, arrived in New York in 1812
  • James M Pinkney, aged 20, landed in New York, NY in 1847
  • E S Pinkney, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851

Pinkney Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Samuel William Pinkney, aged 27, a carpenter, arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Nimroud"


  • William Pinkney (1764-1822), American politician, Mayor of Annapolis, Maryland, 1795-1800; U.S. Minister to Great Britain, 1808-11; Russia, 1816-18; Member of Maryland State Senate from Western Shore, 1811
  • Percy Pinkney, American Democrat politician, Member, Platform Committee, Democratic National Convention, 2008
  • Daniel J. Pinkney, American politician, Delegate to Illinois State Constitutional Convention from Ogle County, 1847
  • Betty K. Pinkney, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 2008
  • Arthur R. Pinkney, American politician, Candidate for Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, 1975
  • William Pinkney (1764-1822), American statesman and diplomat, eponym of the Monroe-Pinkney Treaty
  • Ninian Pinkney (1811-1877), U.S. Navy medical director, active during the American Civil War
  • Fayette Pinkney (1948-2009), American singer
  • Edward Coote Pinkney (1802-1828), American poet, lawyer, sailor, professor, and editor
  • Edward Coate Pinkney, American poet, lawyer, arts professor



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  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  2. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  3. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  6. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  7. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  8. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  9. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  10. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  11. ...

The Pinkney Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pinkney Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 3 November 2015 at 08:45.

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