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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Pinckney family come from? What is the English Pinckney family crest and coat of arms? When did the Pinckney family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Pinckney family history?

The name Pinckney was brought to England in the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Pinckney family lived in Northampton. Their name, however, is a reference to Picquigny, in Somme, Normandy, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

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Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Pinkney, Pinckney, Pinkley, Pinkly, Pinkie and others.

First found in Northampton where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pinckney research. Another 329 words(24 lines of text) covering the years 1303, 1599 and 1674 are included under the topic Early Pinckney History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 41 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pinckney Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Pinckney or a variant listed above:

Pinckney Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Jacob Pinckney, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746

Pinckney Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • John F Pinckney, who arrived in Texas in 1835

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  • Clementa Carlos "Clem" Pinckney (1973-2015), American politician, Member of the South Carolina Senate (2001-2015) and pastor; he and eight other were murdered in a mass shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church during a service June 17, 2015
  • Charles Cotesworth C. C. Pinckney (1746-1825), American statesman of South Carolina, Revolutionary War veteran, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention
  • Josephine Lyons Scott Pinckney (1895-1957), American novelist and poet
  • Darryl Pinckney, American novelist, playwright, and essayist
  • Thomas Pinckney (1750-1828), South Carolina governor, Ambassador to Britain, diplomat who arranged Pinckney's Treaty
  • Charles Pinckney (1757-1824), American politician, 37th Governor of South Carolina (1806-1808), signer of the United States Constitution
  • Eliza Lucas Pinckney (1722-1793), South Carolina planter
  • Colonel Charles Pinckney (1731-1782), South Carolina politician, British Loyalist during Revolutionary War


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  1. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  2. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  3. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  4. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  6. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  7. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  8. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  10. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  11. ...

The Pinckney Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pinckney Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 June 2015 at 10:39.

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