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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The name Pinckney was brought to England in the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Pinckney family lived in Northampton. Their name, however, is a reference to Picquigny, in Somme, Normandy, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. [1]

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Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Pinkney, Pinckney, Pinkley, Pinkly, Pinkie and others.

First found in Northampton where the family claim descent from Gilo de Pincheni, who lived in the reign of Henry I. He was granted by the monks of St. Lucien in France lands at Wedon. [2] Wulfhere, the first Christian king of Mercia, had a palace here, which, after his death, was converted by his daughter Werburgh into a nunnery, of which she became abbess, and which was destroyed by the Danes in the ninth century. [3] Ansculfus de Pinchengi was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as holding lands in Berkshire. [4]


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pinckney research. Another 329 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1303, 1599 and 1674 are included under the topic Early Pinckney History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pinckney Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Pinckney or a variant listed above:

Pinckney Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Jacob Pinckney, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746

Pinckney Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • John F Pinckney, who arrived in Texas in 1835

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  • Thomas Pinckney (1750-1828), American politician, Representative from South Carolina, 1797-1801
  • T. H. Pinckney, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from South Carolina, 1928
  • Steve Pinckney, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1940
  • Stephen B. Pinckney, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 15th District, 1864
  • Obie Pinckney Jr., American politician, Mayor of Glenarden, Maryland, 2001-03
  • Joseph C. Pinckney, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1856, 1860
  • John McPherson Pinckney (1845-1905), American Democrat politician, State Court Judge in Texas, 1900-03; U.S. Representative from Texas 8th District, 1903-05
  • Joseph Pinckney, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 11th District, 1951-52
  • J. C. Pinckney, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois, 1896
  • Henry Laurens Pinckney (1794-1863), American Democrat politician, Member of South Carolina State House of Representatives, 1832; Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina, 1837-40; U.S. Collector of Customs, 1841-42

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  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  2. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  4. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  5. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  6. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  7. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  8. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  9. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  10. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  11. ...

The Pinckney Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pinckney Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 3 November 2015 at 08:45.

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