The name Pekham reached England
in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Pekham family lived in Kent
, at Peckham.
The surname of derives from the Old English words pekke,
indicating the top of a mountain or hill,
meaning homestead or settlement,
and distinguished the settlement by its proximity to a prominent peak.
The name of te settlement then became attached to those who lived there.
Early Origins of the Pekham family
The surname Pekham was first found in Kent
at either East Peckham or West Peckham. Both are villages that date back to the 10th century where they were collectively listed as Peccham. By the time of the Domesday Book
of 1086, they were known as Pecheham CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
and were held by the Archbishop. At that time, there was a church, ten servants, one mill, and six acres of meadow. Part of the manor of East Farleigh lay within what is now East Peckham which was held by Ralph Fitz Turold. The place name literally means "homestead by a peak or hill." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Peckham was a hamlet, in the parish and union of Camberwell, E. division of the hundred
of Brixton in Surrey
, but is now a district in South-East London within the London Borough of Southwark.
Early History of the Pekham family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pekham research.Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1272, 1230, 1292, 1279, 1292, 1346, 1400, 1372, 1377, 1383, 1388, 1388, 1380, 1389, 1608, 1572, 1615, 1673, 1654 and 1673 are included under the topic Early Pekham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pekham Spelling Variations
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations
of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Pekham include Peckham, Pecham, Peckem, Peckam, Packham and others.
Early Notables of the Pekham family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Archbishop Peckham of Kent; John Peckham (1230-1292), English Archbishop of Canterbury (1279-1292); James Peckham (c.1346-1400), English politician, Member of Parliament for Kent
1372, 1377, 1383, 1388, and 1388, appointed Sheriff of Kent
in... Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pekham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pekham family to the New World and Oceana
at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Pekhams to arrive on North American shores: John Peckham settled in Newport in Rhode Island in 1630; J. and N.A. Peckham arrived in San Francisco in 1852.
The Pekham Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Tentanda via est
Motto Translation: The way must be tried.