Pakham History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Pakham family lived in Kent, at Peckham. The surname of derives from the Old English words pekke, indicating the top of a mountain or hill, and ham, meaning homestead or settlement, and distinguished the settlement by its proximity to a prominent peak.
Early Origins of the Pakham family
The surname Pakham was first found in Kent at either East Peckham or West Peckham. Both are villages that date back to the 10th century where they were collectively listed as Peccham. By the time of the Domesday Book of 1086, they were known as Pecheham  and were held by the Archbishop. At that time, there was a church, ten servants, one mill, and six acres of meadow.
Part of the manor of East Farleigh lay within what is now East Peckham which was held by Ralph Fitz Turold.
The place name literally means "homestead by a peak or hill."  Peckham was a hamlet, in the parish and union of Camberwell, E. division of the hundred of Brixton in Surrey, but is now a district in South-East London within the London Borough of Southwark. 
Early History of the Pakham family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pakham research. Another 99 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1272, 1230, 1292, 1279, 1292, 1346, 1400, 1372, 1377, 1383, 1388, 1388, 1380, 1389, 1608, 1572, 1615, 1673, 1654 and 1673 are included under the topic Early Pakham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pakham Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Peckham, Pecham, Peckem, Peckam, Packham and others.
Early Notables of the Pakham family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Archbishop Peckham of Kent; John Peckham (1230-1292), English Archbishop of Canterbury (1279-1292); James Peckham (c.1346-1400), English politician, Member of Parliament for Kent 1372, 1377, 1383, 1388, and 1388, appointed Sheriff of Kent in...
Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pakham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pakham family
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Pakham or a variant listed above: John Peckham settled in Newport in Rhode Island in 1630; J. and N.A. Peckham arrived in San Francisco in 1852.
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The Pakham Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Tentanda via est
Motto Translation: The way must be tried.
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.