Oakley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the name Oakley date back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Oakley family lived in one of the various settlements named Oakley throughout England, or in Oakley Street in Gloucestershire, Oakleigh in Kent, or Ockley in Surrey. The surname Oakley belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.

Early Origins of the Oakley family

The surname Oakley was first found in Shropshire where this "ancient family descended from Philip, who is the reign of Henry III., was Lord of Oakley in the parish of Bishop's Castle, from whence he assumed his name, and which has ever since been the inheritance of his descendants." [1] [2]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Walter de Oclee in Wiltshire; Godwin de Ocle in Suffolk; and Robert de Ocle in Oxfordshire. The Feet if Fins of 1415, list Thomas Acle or Ocle as Sheriff of Norwich at that time. [3]

Early History of the Oakley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oakley research. Another 142 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1500, 1327, 1362, 1380, 1541, 1660, 1653, 1624, 1635, 1695, 1659, 1660, 1678 and 1720 are included under the topic Early Oakley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Oakley Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Oakley are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Oakley include: Oakley, Oakeley, Oakly, Okly, Ockley and others.

Early Notables of the Oakley family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: William Oakley, M.P. for Bishop's Castle in 1660; Richard Oakeley (died 1653), of Oakeley, Shropshire, an English landowner and politician, Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle...
Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oakley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Oakley World Ranking

In the United States, the name Oakley is the 1,752nd most popular surname with an estimated 17,409 people with that name. [4] However, in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Oakley is ranked the 729th most popular surname with an estimated 59 people with that name. [5] And in Australia, the name Oakley is the 931st popular surname with an estimated 4,246 people with that name. [6] The United Kingdom ranks Oakley as 630th with 10,438 people. [7]


United States Oakley migration to the United States +

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Oakley or a variant listed above:

Oakley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • George Oakley, who settled in Virginia in 1654
  • John Oakley, who arrived in Maryland in 1670 [8]
Oakley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Alice Oakley, who settled in Virginia in 1729
Oakley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Oakley, aged 43, who landed in Maryland in 1812 [8]
  • George Oakley, who arrived in New York in 1846 [8]
  • B Oakley, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [8]
  • Henry Oakley, aged 19, who landed in New York in 1854 [8]
  • William Oakley, aged 30, who arrived in New York, NY in 1855 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Oakley migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Oakley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Arthur Oakley, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1840
  • Alice Oakley, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1843
  • Miss Mary Oakley who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Sobraon" departing 8th May 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 29th June 1847 but she died on board [9]

Australia Oakley migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Oakley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Oakley, British Convict who was convicted in Hereford, Herefordshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Mr. Thomas Oakley, British Convict who was convicted in Surrey, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl St Vincent" on 20th April 1826, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • John Edward Oakley, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on September 21, 1826, settling in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • Josiah Oakley, aged 40, a labourer, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1836 [13]
  • Betty Oakley, aged 30, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1836 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Oakley migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Oakley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Charlotte Oakley, (b. 1830), aged 28, English settler from Norfolk travelling from London aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1859 [14]
  • Mr. Alfred Oakley, (b. 1831), aged 27, English labourer from Norfolk travelling from London aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1859 [14]
  • Mr. Robert Oakley, (b. 1833), aged 25, English labourer from Norfolk travelling from London aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1859 [14]
  • Mr. John Oakley, (b. 1852), aged 6, English settler from Norfolk travelling from London aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1859 [14]
  • Mr. Robert Oakley, (b. 1854), aged 4, English settler from Norfolk travelling from London aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1859 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Oakley migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [15]
Oakley Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Francis Oakley, who arrived in Barbados in 1669

Contemporary Notables of the name Oakley (post 1700) +

  • Annie Oakley (1860-1926), born Phoebe Orlando Ann Mosey, an American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter, star of Buffalo Bill's Wild West
  • William M. Oakley (b. 1931), American politician, Mayor of Romulus, Michigan, 1977-83, 1995-2001; Defeated, 2001
  • Zopher P. Oakley, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Suffolk County 2nd District, 1852
  • Walter Oakley, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Kansas, 1856 [16]
  • Timothy Oakley, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Columbia County, 1811-12
  • Thomas H. Oakley, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County, 1845
  • Thomas Jackson Oakley (1783-1857), American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Dutchess County, 1815-16, 1817-20; New York State Attorney General, 1819-21; Appointed 1819; Superior Court Judge in New York, 1828-47
  • Ronald Oakley, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1984 [16]
  • Robert Bigger Oakley (b. 1934), American politician, U.S. Ambassador to Zaire, 1979-82; Somalia, 1982-84; Pakistan, 1988-91
  • R. Kenneth Oakley, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Cartagena, 1943; Buenos Aires, 1945-46
  • ... (Another 36 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. George Oakley, Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [17]
Hillcrest Coal Mine


The Oakley Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Non timeo sed caveo
Motto Translation: I do not fear, but am careful.


Suggested Readings for the name Oakley +

  • The Descendants of William & Mary Simms: England To Illinois and Beyond by Vivian York Simms.

  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  5. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  7. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  8. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  9. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 92)
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th September 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-st-vincent
  12. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1826 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1826
  13. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HMS BUFFALO 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Buffalo.htm
  14. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  15. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  16. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, November 24) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  17. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  18. ^ List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners


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