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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: Irish, Scottish


Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Niel is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."

Niel Early Origins



The surname Niel was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

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Niel Spelling Variations


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Niel Spelling Variations



Irish names were rarely spelled consistently in the Middle Ages. Spelling variations of the name Niel dating from that time include O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.

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Niel Early History


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Niel Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Niel research. Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Niel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Niel Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Niel Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill ( c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also...

Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Niel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



To escape the religious and political discrimination they experienced primarily at the hands of the English, thousands of Irish left their homeland in the 19th century. These migrants typically settled in communities throughout the East Coast of North America, but also joined the wagon trains moving out to the Midwest. Ironically, when the American War of Independence began, many Irish settlers took the side of England, and at the war's conclusion moved north to Canada. These United Empire Loyalists, were granted land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula. Other Irish immigrants settled in Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, however, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America and Australia. Many of those numbers, however, did not live through the long sea passage. These Irish settlers to North America were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. Irish settlers made an inestimable contribution to the building of the New World. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Irish name Niel or a variant listed above, including:

Niel Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Nicho Niel, who arrived in Virginia in 1698

Niel Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • James Niel, who arrived in New York in 1799
  • John Niel, who landed in New York in 1799

Niel Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Julius Niel, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1807
  • Michael Niel, who arrived in New York in 1841
  • H Niel, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Francisco Niel, aged 39, landed in Puerto Rico in 1876

Niel Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Mary Niel, aged 27, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Fortune"

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Contemporary Notables of the name Niel (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Niel (post 1700)



  • Daniel Niel, American Democrat politician, Presidential Elector for California, 1948

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Niel Family Crest Products


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Niel Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. MacLysaght, Edward. Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7).
    2. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    3. Land Owners in Ireland. Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1203-3).
    4. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
    5. Kennedy, Patrick. Kennedy's Book of Arms. Canterbury: Achievements, 1967. Print.
    6. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    7. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    8. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    9. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    10. Sullivan, Sir Edward. The Book of Kells 3rd Edition. New York: Crescent Books, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-517-61987-3).
    11. ...

    The Niel Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Niel Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 11 December 2015 at 10:27.

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