When the ancestors of the Muschaus family emigrated to England
following the Norman Conquest
in 1066 they brought their family name with them. They lived in Essex
. The name, however, is a reference to Montfitchett in Calvados, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Muschaus family
The surname Muschaus was first found in Essex
at Stansted Mountfitchet, a village and civil parish in the union of Bishop-Stortford that dates back to the Domesday Book
when it was listed as Stanesteda. By c.1290, the village was known as Stansted Mounfichet from the Muntfichet (Montfitchet) family who resided there since the 12th century. CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
However, other records date back further revealing Robert Gernon Montfitchet holding lands there at the time of the Conquest that included a castle, of which there are still some remains. Another source claims the name is "descended from Robert Gernon, a great tenant
in [the] Domesday [Book]. His son, according to Morant, took this name from the castle of Stanstead, county Essex
, from the raised mount which he there constructed. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Muschaus family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Muschaus research.Another 357 words (26 lines of text) covering the years 1214, 1296 and 1312 are included under the topic Early Muschaus History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Muschaus Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations
are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Muschaus has been recorded under many different variations, including Muschat, Muschet, Montfichett, Montfiquet and many more.
Early Notables of the Muschaus family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Muschaus Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Muschaus family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England
, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Muschauss were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America: George Muschcat, who settled in Philadelphia in 1774; Martin Muscheck settled in Philadelphia in 1867; John Fitchett settled in Virginia in 1635; William and Rebecca Fitchett settled in Philadelphia in 1773..