The history of the Mountfitchet family name begins after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. They lived in Essex
. The name, however, is a reference to Montfitchett in Calvados, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Mountfitchet family
The surname Mountfitchet was first found in Essex
at Stansted Mountfitchet, a village and civil parish in the union of Bishop-Stortford that dates back to the Domesday Book
when it was listed as Stanesteda. By c.1290, the village was known as Stansted Mounfichet from the Muntfichet (Montfitchet) family who resided there since the 12th century. CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
However, other records date back further revealing Robert Gernon Montfitchet holding lands there at the time of the Conquest that included a castle, of which there are still some remains. Another source claims the name is "descended from Robert Gernon, a great tenant
in [the] Domesday [Book]. His son, according to Morant, took this name from the castle of Stanstead, county Essex
, from the raised mount which he there constructed. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Mountfitchet family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mountfitchet research.Another 357 words (26 lines of text) covering the years 1214, 1296 and 1312 are included under the topic Early Mountfitchet History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Mountfitchet Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Muschat, Muschet, Montfichett, Montfiquet and many more.
Early Notables of the Mountfitchet family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Mountfitchet Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Mountfitchet family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Mountfitchet or a variant listed above were: George Muschcat, who settled in Philadelphia in 1774; Martin Muscheck settled in Philadelphia in 1867; John Fitchett settled in Virginia in 1635; William and Rebecca Fitchett settled in Philadelphia in 1773..