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Merrifield History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The proud Merrifield family originated in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Merrifield family originally lived in Cornwall, in the village of Merryfield.


Early Origins of the Merrifield family


The surname Merrifield was first found in Cornwall and Devon, where this prominent family flourished. Walter Merifild was recorded in Devon in 1200 but it is believed the family had established itself earlier in St. Columb, Cornwall.

Early History of the Merrifield family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merrifield research.
Another 69 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1341, 1584, 1621, 1678, 1659 and 1678 are included under the topic Early Merrifield History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Merrifield Spelling Variations


Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Merrifield, Merrifild, Merefield, Merrefield, Merrifeild, Merefeild, Maryfield, Meryfield, Meryfeld, Merryfield, Merrivale, Merivale, Marrivale, Merevale, Meervale, Merrivall, Merryvall and many more.

Early Notables of the Merrifield family (pre 1700)


Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Merrifield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Merrifield family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Merrifield Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Merrifield, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Britannia" in 1846 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm
  • Mr. Henry W. Merrifield, (b. 1825), aged 24, Cornish mason travelling aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • Mrs. Jane Merrifield, (b. 1824), aged 25, English settler from Plymouth, Devon, England, UK travelling aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • Mr. Edwin Merrifield, (b. 1849), aged Infant, English settler from Plymouth, Devon, England, UK travelling aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  • Miss Helen Merrifield, (b. 1839), aged 10, Cornish settler departing from London on 17th March 1849 aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Merrifield (post 1700)


  • William Merrifield, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1936 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Mary Merrifield, American politician, Member of Michigan Prohibition Party State Central Committee, 1927 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Jennifer Merrifield, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 2000 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Douglas A. Merrifield, American politician, Mayor of St. Joseph, Missouri, 1967-69 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Deborah Merrifield, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1996 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Donald Paul Merrifield S.J Ph.D. (1928-2010), American Jesuit and academic, 11th President of Loyola Marymount University (1969-1984)
  • John H. Merrifield (1847-1906), American politician, Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives (1902-1906)
  • Robert Bruce Merrifield (1921-2006), American professor of Biochemistry, winner of the 1984 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • Frederick Merrifield (1831-1924), English entomologist, President of the Royal Entomological Society (1905-1906)
  • Frankie Edward Peter Merrifield (b. 1994), English football midfielder
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Merrifield Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm
  2. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  3. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  4. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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