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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


The proud Merrifield family originated in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Merrifield family originally lived in Cornwall, in the village of Merryfield.

Merrifield Early Origins



The surname Merrifield was first found in Cornwall and Devon, where this prominent family flourished. Walter Merifild was recorded in Devon in 1200 but it is believed the family had established itself earlier in St. Columb, Cornwall.

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Merrifield Spelling Variations


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Merrifield Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Merrifield, Merrifild, Merefield, Merrefield, Merrifeild, Merefeild, Maryfield, Meryfield, Meryfeld, Merryfield, Merrivale, Merivale, Marrivale, Merevale, Meervale, Merrivall, Merryvall and many more.

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Merrifield Early History


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Merrifield Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merrifield research. Another 137 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1341, 1584, 1621, 1678, 1659 and 1678 are included under the topic Early Merrifield History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Merrifield Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Merrifield Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Merrifield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Merrifield Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Merrifield arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Britannia" in 1846 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm
  • Edwin Merrifield, aged 34, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Velocity"
  • Richard Merrifield, aged 19, a miner, arrived in South Australia in 1860 aboard the ship "Ramillies"

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Contemporary Notables of the name Merrifield (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Merrifield (post 1700)



  • Donald Paul Merrifield S.J Ph.D. (1928-2010), American Jesuit and academic, 11th President of Loyola Marymount University (1969-1984)
  • John H. Merrifield (1847-1906), American politician, Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives (1902-1906)
  • William Merrifield, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1936
  • Mary Merrifield, American politician, Member of Michigan Prohibition Party State Central Committee, 1927
  • Jennifer Merrifield, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 2000
  • Douglas A. Merrifield, American politician, Mayor of St. Joseph, Missouri, 1967-69
  • Deborah Merrifield, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1996
  • Robert Bruce Merrifield (1921-2006), American professor of Biochemistry, winner of the 1984 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • Frederick Merrifield (1831-1924), English entomologist, President of the Royal Entomological Society (1905-1906)
  • Frankie Edward Peter Merrifield (b. 1994), English football midfielder
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Merrifield Family Crest Products


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Merrifield Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm

Other References

  1. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  2. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  3. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  5. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  6. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  8. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  9. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  10. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  11. ...

The Merrifield Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Merrifield Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 16 September 2016 at 12:38.

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