The surname Merleaux is a name whose history dates back to the Middle Ages. It was a Norman name for a someone who bore a fancied resemblance to a blackbird having derived from the Old French word merle, meaning blackbird.
Early Origins of the Merleaux family
The surname Merleaux was first found in Normandy
(French: Normandie), the former Duchy of Normandy
, where this ancient family was established in early times.
Early History of the Merleaux family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merleaux research.Another 549 words (39 lines of text) covering the years 1050, 1302, 1306, 1509, 1560, 1562, 1575, 1731, 1776, 1789, 1798, 1809, 1810, 1811, and 1845 are included under the topic Early Merleaux History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Merleaux Spelling Variations
French surnames were subject to numerous alterations in spelling because of the various cultural groups that inhabited specific regions. Eventually, each region possessed its own local
dialect of the French language. The early development of the French language, however, was also influenced by other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire
. Middle French also borrowed heavily from the Italian language during the Renaissance
. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Merleaux is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations
of the name include Marleau, Marleaux, Marlaud, Marlault, Marlet, Marlette, Marlod, Marlot, Marlotte, Marle, Merle, Merleau, Merleaux, Merlaud, Merlault, Merlet, Merlette, Merlod, Merlot, Merlotte, du Merle, Marlout, Marloux, Merlout and many more.
Early Notables of the Merleaux family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Merleaux Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Merleaux family to the New World and Oceana
French settlers came early to North American, following in the wake of the explorers, and creating New France. Quebec City, founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain is said to have been the first American site founded as a permanent settlement, rather than as just a commercial outpost. But emigration was slow, in 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 French people in Quebec, and by 1663, when the region was officially made The Royal Colony of New France, by Louis XIV, there still only around 500 settlers. Over 2,000 would arrive during the next decade. Early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. Youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted immigrants, both noble and commoner from France. By 1675, there were around 7000 French in the colony, and by that same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England
and were deported to Louisiana. Despite the loss of the Colony to England
, the French people flourished in Lower Canada. Among settlers to North America of the Merleaux surname were André Merlot-LePetit-Laramee, who settled in Quebec in 1678; Louis Edmund Merle, who arrived in New York in 1823; Jean, aged 32; Anne, aged 31; Jean, aged 9.