Mellor History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The distinguished surname Mellor emerged among the industrious people of Flanders, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish and English nations, many Flemish migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Flemish surnames of this type frequently are prefixed by de la or de le, which mean of the or from the. The Mellor family originally lived in Milor in Cornwall. The surname Mellor belongs to the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.

Early Origins of the Mellor family

The surname Mellor was first found in the parish of Milor in Cornwall. "The parish of Milor derives its name from Melor or St. Melor, to whom the church was dedicated at a very early period. At what exact time St. Melor flourished, is a point that has given rise to much debate. All Towever admit that such a person did exist, that he was a native of Cornwall, was high in dignity, had embraced the Christian faith, and was finally murdered with circumstances of peculiar barbarity. 411, in which chronology he is supported by the authority of Archbishop Usher. Capgrave observes, that “when in the beginning of the Christian faith, the apostolical doctrine was spread into all nations over the world : the gentiles of Britain were converted to the faith, and many believing in the Lord and practising the apostolical precepts, shone with various and miraculous virtues, of the number of which we confidently believe blessed Melor to have been one. For the blessed Melor was of a noble family in Britain, his father being Melian who possessed the dutchy of Cornwall.” An ancient life of this saint or martyr, quoted by Leland, says, that “Melor was the son of Melian king of Cornwall, by Haurilla the daughter of Rivold Earl of Devonshire." [1]

Early History of the Mellor family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mellor research. Another 93 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mellor History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Mellor Spelling Variations

Flemish surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish settlers in England, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Mellers, Mellors, Meller, Mellor, Melliar and others.

Early Notables of the Mellor family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Mellor Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Mellor migration to the United States +

In the immigration and passenger lists a number of early immigrants bearing the name Mellor were found:

Mellor Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Mellor, who landed in Maryland in 1664 [2]
Mellor Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Levi Mellor, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838 [2]
  • Edmund, George, Henry, John, Joseph, Thomas, and William Mellor, who all, who arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860
  • Thomas Mellor, who landed in America in 1889 [2]
  • James Mellor, who landed in America in 1891 [2]

Australia Mellor migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Mellor Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Mellor, (Mellon), (b. 1801), aged 33, English farm labourer who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 7 years for house breaking, transported aboard the "Augusta Jessie" on 27 September 1834, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [3]
  • Mr. John Mellor, (b. 1809), aged 25, English cabinet maker who was convicted in West Riding, Yorkshire, England for 7 years for highway robbery, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 27th September 1834, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Delia Mellor, aged 20, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairlee" in 1840 [5]
  • Joseph Mellor, aged 30, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairlee" in 1840 [5]
  • Mary Mellor, aged 22, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairlee" in 1840 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Mellor migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Mellor Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • James Mellor, aged 28, a smith, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
  • Mary Mellor, aged 24, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
  • Mary Ellen Mellor, aged 11 months, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
  • Mr. John Mellor, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Inchinnan" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 27th May 1852 [6]
  • Mr. Samuel S. Mellor, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Harwood" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 4th November 1858 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Mellor (post 1700) +

  • William C. Mellor A.S.C. (1903-1963), American cinematographer
  • Neil Andrew Mellor (b. 1982), English professional footballer
  • Kay Mellor (b. 1951), English actress, scriptwriter, and director
  • David Hugh Mellor FBA (1938-2020), British Professor of Philosophy and Pro-Vice-Chancellor, later Professor Emeritus, of Cambridge University
  • John Graham Mellor (1952-2002), best known by his stage name Joe Strummer, co-founder and lead vocalist of the British rock band The Clash, inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (2003)
  • Joseph William Mellor CBE, FRS (1869-1938), New Zealand inorganic chemist
  • David Mellor CBE, FCSD, RDI (1930-2009), one of the best-known designers in Britain
  • Sir John Mellor (1893-1986), 2nd Baronet, British Conservative Member of Parliament for Sutton Coldfield 1945–1955
  • William Mellor (1888-1942), left-wing British journalist
  • Paul Mellor (b. 1974), Australian former rugby league player
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Herbert James Mellor, British Deck Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [7]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Ernest Mellor (b. 1920), British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [8]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Sidney Mellor (d. 1939), British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [9]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Arthur Mellor (d. 1912), aged 34, English Saloon Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [10]


  1. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/augusta-jessie
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FAIRLIE/FAIRLEE 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Fairlie.htm
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  8. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  9. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  10. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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