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An excerpt from archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: Irish, Scottish

Many variations of the name McCauley have evolved since the time of its initial creation. In Gaelic it appeared as Mac Amhalghaidh or Mac Amhlaoibh. The former name denotes a son of Auley, while the later denotes a son of Auliffe or a son of Humphrey. They claim descent through the Heremon line of Irish kings. [1]


Before widespread literacy came to Ireland, a name was often recorded under several different variations during the life of its bearer. Accordingly, numerous spelling variations were revealed in the search for the origin of the name McCauley family name. Variations found include MacAulay, MacAwley, MacAuley, MacAullay, MacAulley, MacAwlay, MacCaulay, MacCawley, MacGawley, Magawley, Cauley, Caulay, McCamley and many more.

First found in county Westmeath (Irish: An Iarmhí) in the Irish Midlands, province of Leinster, where at one time the area which is now Ballyloughnoe was once called "McGawley's Country." There is another sept named Mac Amhlaoibh in Gaelic which were a branch of the MacGuires and mainly found in County Fermanagh. This branch gave their name to Clanawley. [2]


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McCauley research. Another 221 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1787 and 1841 are included under the topic Early McCauley History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McCauley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


During the 19th century thousands of impoverished Irish families made the long journey to British North America and the United States. These people were leaving a land that had become beset with poverty, lack of opportunity, and hunger. In North America, they hoped to find land, work, and political and religious freedoms. Although the majority of the immigrants that survived the long sea passage did make these discoveries, it was not without much perseverance and hard work: by the mid-19th century land suitable for agriculture was short supply, especially in British North America, in the east; the work available was generally low paying and physically taxing construction or factory work; and the English stereotypes concerning the Irish, although less frequent and vehement, were, nevertheless, present in the land of freedom, liberty, and equality for all men. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s. Research into passenger and immigration lists has brought forth evidence of the early members of the McCauley family in North America:

McCauley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Alexander McCauley, who arrived in South Carolina in 1772

McCauley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James McCauley, aged 46, landed in Louisiana in 1812
  • John McCauley, who landed in Maryland in 1821
  • Joseph McCauley, aged 35, arrived in America in 1822
  • Jane McCauley, aged 55, arrived in America in 1822
  • Mary McCauley, aged 26, arrived in America in 1822

McCauley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • William McCauley, aged 28, a stonecutter, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the brig "Maria" from Belfast
  • Henry McCauley arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Robert Burns" in 1834

McCauley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Thomas McCauley, aged 30, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Bucephalus"
  • Andrew McCauley, aged 38, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Melbourne"

McCauley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Mary McCauley, aged 21, a servant, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1876


  • Brigadier-General James Wayne McCauley (1900-1958), American Commanding General 32nd Air Division (1951-1953)
  • Barry McCauley (1950-2001), American operatic tenor, 1980 recipient of the Richard Tucker Award
  • Charles Stewart McCauley (1793-1869), American naval officer in the War of 1812
  • Dennis McCauley (b. 1985), American professional ice hockey player
  • Patrick F. "Pat" McCauley (1870-1917), American Major League Baseball player
  • Stephen McCauley (b. 1955), American author
  • Barbara McCauley, American romance writer, 2005 RITA Awards Best Novel winner
  • Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley (1754-1832), American hero of the Revolution for carrying water to soldiers at the Battle of Monmouth (June 28, 1778), who fought on her husband's stead when he was overcome with heat
  • Darren McCauley (b. 1991), Irish footballer
  • Johnny McCauley (b. 1925), Irish singer/songwriter



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  1. ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
  2. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)

Other References

  1. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  2. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  3. MacLysaght, Edward. Mores Irish Familes. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0).
  4. Harris, Ruth-Ann and B. Emer O'Keefe. The Search for Missing Friends Irish Immigrant Advertisements Placed in the Boston Pilot Volume II 1851-1853. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1991. Print.
  5. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  6. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
  7. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  8. MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland 3rd Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1978. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2278-0).
  9. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  10. Hickey, D.J. and J.E. Doherty. A New Dictionary of Irish History form 1800 2nd Edition. Dublin: Gil & MacMillian, 2003. Print.
  11. ...

The McCauley Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The McCauley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 9 March 2016 at 14:38.

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