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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The name McCarroll has undergone many variations in the time that has passed since its genesis. In Gaelic it appeared as Cearbhaill, which is derived from the name of Cearbhal, the Lord of Ely who helped King Brian Boru lead the Irish to victory over the Danes at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014.


The surname McCarroll was first found in counties Tipperary, Offaly, Monaghan and Louth. Through their connection with Cearbal, they descend from King Oilioll Olum. There were six distinct O'Carroll septs prior to the Anglo- Norman Conquest. While four disintegrated before the end of the 13th century, the two most important septs continued. These were O'Carroll of Ely O'Carroll, from the counties of Tipperary and Offaly, and O'Carroll of Oriel, from the counties of Monagan and Louth. While the Oriel O'Carrolls disappeared as an official sept resulting from the Anglo- Norman Conquest, the members of that sept were not scattered, but remained mainly within their ancient territories. However, the O'Carrolls of Ely O'Carroll managed to maintain their independence and heritage until the end of the 16th century, and continued to play an important role in Irish history. They formerly held large territories in the county of Tipperary, but were confined to the area around Birr in the county of Offaly by the rise of the powerful Norman Butlers.

The scribes who created documents long before either the Gaelic or English language resembled their standardized versions of today recorded words as they sounded. Consequently, in the Middle Ages the names of many people were recorded under different spellings each time they were written down. Research on the McCarroll family name revealed numerous spelling variations, including O'Carroll, Carroll, Carrel, Carrell, Carrill, Carrol, Carroll, Caryll, Garvil, Garvill and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McCarroll research. Another 397 words (28 lines of text) covering the years 1014, 1172, 1451, 1600, 1916, 1625, 1711, 1661, 1720, 1735, 1815, 1737, 1832, 1789 and 1792 are included under the topic Early McCarroll History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Notable amongst the family name at this time was John Caryll (1625-1711), 1st Baron Caryll of Durford; Charles Carroll (1661-1720), often called Charles Carroll the Settler, to differentiate him from his son and grandson, a wealthy lawyer and planter in colonial Maryland; Most Rev. John Carroll...

Another 46 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McCarroll Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Suffering from poverty and racial discrimination, thousands of Irish families left the island in the 19th century for North America aboard cramped passenger ships. The early migrants became settlers of small tracts of land, and those that came later were often employed in the new cities or transitional work camps. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s. Although the immigrants from this period were often maligned when they arrived in the United States, they provided the cheap labor that was necessary for the development of that country as an industrial power. Early immigration and passenger lists have revealed many immigrants bearing the name McCarroll:

McCarroll Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Robert McCarroll, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746

McCarroll Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Patrick McCarroll, aged 26, arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804
  • William McCarroll, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • Philip McCarroll, aged 26, landed in New York in 1849
  • James McCarroll, aged 20, landed in Mobile, Ala in 1851

McCarroll Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Hugh McCarroll, aged 24, arrived in Quebec in 1834

McCarroll Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Anne McCarroll, aged 24, a servant, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lauderdale" in 1874

  • June Hill Robertson McCarroll (1867-1954), American nurse (later a physician) with the Southern Pacific Railroad
  • Bonnie McCarroll (1897-1929), American champion rodeo performer and bronco rider
  • Jay McCarroll (b. 1974), American fashion designer
  • Anthony "Tony" McCarroll (b. 1971), English drummer, one of the founding members of English rock group Oasis

McCarroll Historic Events

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. James William Michael Mccarroll, British Corporal, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: In Fide et in Bello Fortis
Motto Translation: Strong in both faith and war.


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    Other References

    1. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    2. MacLysaght, Edward. Mores Irish Familes. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0).
    3. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    5. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    6. Land Owners in Ireland. Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1203-3).
    7. Rasmussen, Louis J. . San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists 4 Volumes Colma, California 1965 Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1978. Print.
    8. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
    9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    10. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    11. ...

    The McCarroll Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The McCarroll Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 27 June 2016 at 12:31.

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