Marshale History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Marshale is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England with the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a blacksmith or a person who tended horses deriving its origin from the Old English word marshal, which meant blacksmith. In medieval England, blacksmiths were extremely important because they were employed by the nobility to look after the horses. [1]

Early Origins of the Marshale family

The surname Marshale was first found in various counties in England including Cambridgeshire, Somerset and Oxfordshire where William le Marechal, Gunnilda le Marescall and Robert Marescallus were all recorded respectively in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 lists Willelmus de Scheplay, marciall, and Johannes Mareschall. [2]

Early History of the Marshale family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshale research. Another 103 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1084, 1170, 1235, 1540, 1535, 1594, 1655, 1621, 1685, 1672, 1685, 1628, 1680, 1637, 1698 and are included under the topic Early Marshale History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Marshale Spelling Variations

A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marshale and others.

Early Notables of the Marshale family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Marshal (1170-1235) of Higham, first Baron Marshal; Henry Marshal, Bishop of Exeter; William Marshal, first Earl of Pembroke and regent of England; William Marshall (died c. 1540), an English Protestant reformer, printer, and translator, one of Thomas Cromwell's confidential agents in 1535; Stephen Marshall (c.1594-1655), an English...
Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshale Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Marshale family to Ireland

Some of the Marshale family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 102 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Marshale family

Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Marshale or a variant listed above: Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621; Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623; Ffrancis Marshall, who arrived in New England in 1634 aboard the ".



  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)


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