Origins Available: English
Marshale is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England
with the Norman Conquest
of 1066. It is a name for a blacksmith or a person who tended horses deriving its origin from the Old English word marshal, which meant blacksmith. In medieval England
, blacksmiths were extremely important because they were employed by the nobility to look after the horses. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early Origins of the Marshale family
The surname Marshale was first found in various counties in England
where William le Marechal, Gunnilda le Marescall and Robert Marescallus were all recorded respectively in the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273. Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 lists Willelmus de Scheplay, marciall, and Johannes Mareschall. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Marshale family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshale research.Another 219 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1084, 1170, 1235, 1540, 1535, 1594, 1655, 1621, 1685, 1672, 1685, 1628, 1680, 1637, 1698 and are included under the topic Early Marshale History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Marshale Spelling Variations
A multitude of spelling variations
characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marshale and others.
Early Notables of the Marshale family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Marshal (1170-1235) of Higham, first Baron
Marshal; Henry Marshal, Bishop of Exeter; William Marshal, first Earl of Pembroke and regent of England; William Marshall (died c. 1540), an English Protestant reformer, printer, and translator, one of Thomas Cromwell's confidential agents in 1535... Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshale Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marshale family to Ireland
Some of the Marshale family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 165 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marshale family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families left England
, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Marshale or a variant listed above: Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621; Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623; Ffrancis Marshall, who arrived in New England
in 1634 aboard the ".