Origins Available: English
The name Marescal came to England
with the ancestors of the Marescal family in the Norman Conquest
in 1066. The surname Marescal is for a blacksmith or a person who tended horses deriving its origin from the Old English word marshal, which meant blacksmith. In medieval England
, blacksmiths were extremely important because they were employed by the nobility to look after the horses. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early Origins of the Marescal family
The surname Marescal was first found in various counties in England
where William le Marechal, Gunnilda le Marescall and Robert Marescallus were all recorded respectively in the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273. Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 lists Willelmus de Scheplay, marciall, and Johannes Mareschall. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Marescal family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marescal research.Another 219 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1084, 1170, 1235, 1540, 1535, 1594, 1655, 1621, 1685, 1672, 1685, 1628, 1680, 1637, 1698 and are included under the topic Early Marescal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Marescal Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marshale and others.
Early Notables of the Marescal family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Marshal (1170-1235) of Higham, first Baron
Marshal; Henry Marshal, Bishop of Exeter; William Marshal, first Earl of Pembroke and regent of England; William Marshall (died c. 1540), an English Protestant reformer, printer, and translator, one of Thomas Cromwell's confidential agents in 1535... Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marescal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marescal family to Ireland
Some of the Marescal family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 165 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marescal family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Marescal or a variant listed above were: Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621; Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623; Ffrancis Marshall, who arrived in New England
in 1634 aboard the ".