The German state of Prussia
, which reached the zenith of its power in the late 19th century, is the glorious birthplace of the distinguished surname Marcard. In the medieval era, after the fall of the Roman Empire
, the German lands were inhabited by a variety of barbarian tribes. The borders of the barbarian kingdoms changed frequently, but the region that became known in Prussia
was roughly divided between the areas of Brandenburg-Prussia
, West Prussia
, and East Prussia
. The colorful history of Brandenburg-Prussia, provides a glimpse at the oldest origins of the Marcard family.
Early Origins of the Marcard family
The surname Marcard was first found in Prussia
, where this family name became a prominent contributor to the development of the district from ancient times. Always prominent in social affairs, the name became an integral part of that turbulent region as it emerged to form alliances with other families within the feudal
Early History of the Marcard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marcard research.Another 405 words (29 lines of text) covering the years 1786, 1361, 1819, 1724, 1807, 1409, 1397, 1400, 1397, 1397, 1398, 1399, 1400, 1408, 1559 and 1485 are included under the topic Early Marcard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Marcard Spelling Variations
In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians
spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations
of the name Marcard include Mark, Marck, Marcker, Marckert, Marquart, Marquard, Marque, Markert, Marker, Marcart, Marcard, Marquart, Marquard and many more.
Early Notables of the Marcard family (pre 1700)
Prominent bearers of the family name Marcard during this time period were Thomas Merke (Merks) (died 1409), an English priest and Bishop of Carlisle (1397-1400), Educated at Oxford University, be became a Benedictine monk at Westminster Abbey, consecrated bishop about 1397, served Richard II as ambassador to various German princes in... Another 121 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marcard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marcard family to the New World and Oceana
played an extremely influential role in shaping modern German history. It remained a part of Germany
until after the Second World War. Prussia
was divided among the Soviet Union
, Poland, East Germany
and West Germany
. Many Prussians became residents of these new countries after the War, and many migrated to other parts of Germany
or Europe, as well as to North America. In the United States, the majority of settlers landed in Philadelphia, and moved on to Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Many German settlers also migrated to Canada, particularly to Ontario and the Prairies. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Marcard were Johan Diterig Mark, who came to Philadelphia in 1740. He was followed by Michael Mark in 1741 and Johann Christian Mark in 1773. Immigrating to Texas were: Balthasar Mark in 1845 and Carl Friedrich Mark in 1851. Matthias Marker came to Philadelphia in 1734.
The Marcard Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fortitudine et fidelitate
Motto Translation: By fortitude and fidelity.