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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Where did the English Lingham family come from? What is the English Lingham family crest and coat of arms? When did the Lingham family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Lingham family history?The distinguished surname Lingham emerged among the industrious people of Flanders, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish and English nations, many Flemish migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Flemish surnames of this type frequently are prefixed by de la or de le, which mean of the or from the. The Lingham family originally lived in the parish of Lingen in the county of Herefordshire. The surname Lingham belongs to the category of habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Flemish surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish settlers in England, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Lingen, Lingane, Lingham, Lyngbroke and others.
First found in Herefordshire where the village of Lingen still exists today. The village is listed in the Domesday Book as holding 2 manors, land for 7 ploughs, half a league of woodland and at that time was held by Ralph de Mortimer.  Limebrook Priory is located south of the village was founded before the time of Richard I by either Ralph de Lingen or Ralph de Mortimer and may be one of the two aforementioned manors. "The first recorded ancestor of this loyal family is Ralph de Wigmore, lord of Lingen, founder of the Priory of Lyngbroke. His son and grandson John took the name of Lingen." 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lingham research. Another 213 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1514, 1466, 1506, 1612, 1662 and 1638 are included under the topic Early Lingham History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 75 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lingham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Lingham:
Lingham Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Lingham Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
Lingham Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
Lingham Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
The Lingham Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Lingham Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 15 January 2016 at 10:58.