The distinguished surname Ligum emerged among the industrious people of Flanders
, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish
and English nations, many Flemish
migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name
. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Flemish
surnames of this type frequently are prefixed by de la
or de le,
which mean of the
or from the.
The Ligum family originally lived in the parish of Lingen in the county of Herefordshire
. The surname Ligum belongs to the category of habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Ligum family
The surname Ligum was first found in Herefordshire
where the village of Lingen still exists today. The village is listed in the Domesday Book
as holding 2 manors, land for 7 ploughs, half a league of woodland and at that time was held by Ralph de Mortimer. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Limebrook Priory is located south of the village was founded before the time of Richard I by either Ralph de Lingen or Ralph de Mortimer and may be one of the two aforementioned manors. "The first recorded ancestor of this loyal family is Ralph de Wigmore, lord of Lingen, founder of the Priory of Lyngbroke. His son and grandson John took the name of Lingen." CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
Further to the north in Scotland where the name claims its origin from "the lands of Lingoch, now Lingo, in the parish of Carnbee, Fife." CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3) In this case, the first record of the name was Vlfus de Lingoch. who witnessed a charter by Eggou Ruffus to the Priory of May early in the thirteenth century.
Early History of the Ligum family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ligum research.Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1514, 1466, 1506, 1612, 1662, 1638, 1500, 1510, 1554 and 1560 are included under the topic Early Ligum History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Ligum Spelling Variations
surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations
. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish
settlers in England
, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish
names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Lingen, Lingane, Lingham, Lyngbroke and others.
Early Notables of the Ligum family (pre 1700)
Prominent in the family at this time was John Lingein, High Sheriff
in 1466; Sir John Lingen of Lingen (d. 1506); Sir Henry Lingen (1612-1662), Lord of Sutton, Lingen and Stoke... Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Ligum Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Ligum family to Ireland
Some of the Ligum family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 180 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Ligum family to the New World and Oceana
The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Ligum: a large family of Linganes headed by Bartholomew who settled in Prescott, Ontario, in 1825; George and John Lingen settled in Philadelphia in 1837.