The illustrious surname lanyant is classified as a habitation surname, which was originally derived from a place-name, and is one form of surname belonging to a broader group called hereditary surnames
. Habitation names were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names, form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree.
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. lanyant is a place-name from in Lanyon, in Cornwall
. This makes it a habitational
name, which is a type of hereditary surname
, and is derived from an already existing place-name. There is little doubt that this family had their origin in Brittany; however, the Cornish place-name was in place long before this family came to England
. However, it is quite possible that the place-name has similar roots in both Brittany
, as the Cornish and Breton
languages are quite similar. Brittany
is a peninsula on the northwest coast of France. Formerly known as Armorica, a possession of the Roman Empire
, this land consists of a plateau with a deeply indented coast and is broken by hills in the west. However, the region was renamed Britannia Minor by the Romans
, following the emigration of six thousand Britons
across the English Channel, an event which took place at the behest of the Roman Commander in Britain.
Early Origins of the lanyant family
The surname lanyant was first found in Cornwall
where they settled in Lanyon. They entered England
with Queen Isabella, King Edward II's bride, from Brittany
where they also held the lands of Lanyon. Another source claims that the name was in fact Norman having derived from the town of Lannion in Brittany
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
In this case, they must have settled during the time of Edward II. Their estate was also named Lanyon.
Early History of the lanyant family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our lanyant research.Another 311 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 176 and 1765 are included under the topic Early lanyant History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
lanyant Spelling Variations
Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton
surnames have many spelling variations
. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
after the Norman Conquest
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Lannyon, Lanyon, Lanyan, Lannyan, Lanion, Lannion, Lanine and many more.
Early Notables of the lanyant family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early lanyant Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the lanyant family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name lanyant, or a variant listed above: T. Lanyan who settled in New York State in 1823; Thomas James Lanyon, who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1831; A.C. Lannean who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1874..