Lain History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 brought much change to the island nation, including many immigrants with new names. Among these immigrants were the ancestors of the Lain family, who lived in Staffordshire. Their name is derived from the Old English word lanu and literally translates as dweller in the Lane.
Early Origins of the Lain family
The surname Lain was first found in Staffordshire where the family claim descent from De La Lane as listed in the Roll of Battle Abbey. 
This source continues "a family illustrious in history for the part they took in the preservation of King Charles II. After the battle of Worcester, Col. John Lane, head of the house, received the fugitive Prince at his mansion of Bentley, whence his Majesty was conveyed in disguise by the Colonel's eldest sister, Jane Lane, to her cousin Mrs. Norton's residence in Bristol. This loyal lady received after the Restoration an annual pension of £1,000 for life. Her brother, the cavalier Col. Lane was granted the especial badge of honour, the arms of England (three lions passant guardant on a red field) in a canton for his efforts." 
The Royal Crown in the crest also bears to the family's recognition as does the family motto which translates as "Guard the King."
Bentley Hall [in Bentley, Staffordshire], the ancient manor-house of the Lane family, is distinguished as the residence of Colonel Lane. The Hall is a neat building standing on an eminence." 
Early History of the Lain family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lain research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1591, 1675, 1630, 1644, 1660, 1662, 1660, 1663, 1663, 1667, 1667, 1675, 1609, 1667, 1661, 1667, 1651, 1626, 1689, 1651 and are included under the topic Early Lain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Lain Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Lain were recorded, including Lane, Lawn, Lone, Loan, Lain, Laine and others.
Early Notables of the Lain family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Benjamin Lany (Laney) (1591-1675), an English academic and bishop from Ipswich, Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge (1630-1644) and (1660-1662), Bishop of Peterborough (1660-1663) of Lincoln (1663-1667) and of Ely (1667-1675); Colonel John Lane of Bentley (1609-1667), English Member of Parliament for Lichfield, Staffordshire (1661 to 1667), and Royalist colonel who had given refuge to King Charles II at...
Another 65 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
In the United States, the name Lain is the 10,205th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. 
Migration of the Lain family to Ireland
Some of the Lain family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 82 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
| Lain migration to the United States ||+|
The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Lain arrived in North America very early:
Lain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- David Lain, who landed in New York, NY in 1816 
- John Lain, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1816 
- Annigje Lain, who arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1847 
| Lain migration to New Zealand ||+|
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Lain Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Edward Lain, aged 31, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Shamrock" in 1856
|Contemporary Notables of the name Lain (post 1700) ||+|
- Douglas Lain (b. 1970), American writer from Memphis, Tennessee
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Garde le Roy
Motto Translation: Guard the king.
- Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/last-names/
- Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)