Kriel History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Kriel family

The surname Kriel was first found in Sussex where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Ashburhnham by Sir Robert de Cruel, who held from Count Eu, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. They were from Criel sur Mer in the arrondisement of Dieppe. In 1870 the walls of the castle were still standing.

Important Dates for the Kriel family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kriel research. Another 136 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1306, 1510, and 1600 are included under the topic Early Kriel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Kriel Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Cruel, Criel, Criell, Cryell, Criol, Crioll, Cryel, Cryall, Cryll, Cryl, d'Criel, Crial, D'Crial, De Crow, Deicrow, DeCrow, Cryal, Kriel, Kryel, Kryell, Kriell and many more.

Early Notables of the Kriel family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Kriel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Kriel migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kriel Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Frederich E. Kriel, who settled in Philadelphia in 1878

Contemporary Notables of the name Kriel (post 1700)

  • Lieutenant-General James Kriel (b. 1942), former South African military commander, Chief of Air Staff (1986), Chief of Air Force Staff (1991)
  • Hernus Kriel (b. 1941), South African politician, the first Premier of the Western Cape province (1994-1998)
  • Jaco Kriel (b. 1989), South African rugby union player
  • Anneline Kriel (b. 1955), South African model and actress, Miss World (1974) at the age of nineteen
  • Marianne Kriel (b. 1971), South African bronze medalist competitive swimmer at the 1996 Summer Olympics

Citations

  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
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