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Kriel Early Origins



The surname Kriel was first found in Sussex where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Ashburhnham by Sir Robert de Cruel, who held from Count Eu, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. They were from Criel sur Mer in the arrondisement of Dieppe. In 1870 the walls of the castle were still standing.

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Kriel Spelling Variations


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Kriel Spelling Variations



Spelling variations of this family name include: Cruel, Criel, Criell, Cryell, Criol, Crioll, Cryel, Cryall, Cryll, Cryl, d'Criel, Crial, D'Crial, De Crow, Deicrow, DeCrow, Cryal, Kriel, Kryel, Kryell, Kriell and many more.

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Kriel Early History


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Kriel Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kriel research. Another 252 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1306, 1510, and 1600 are included under the topic Early Kriel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Kriel Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Kriel Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Kriel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kriel Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Frederich E. Kriel, who settled in Philadelphia in 1878

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Contemporary Notables of the name Kriel (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Kriel (post 1700)



  • Lieutenant-General James Kriel (b. 1942), former South African military commander, Chief of Air Staff (1986), Chief of Air Force Staff (1991)
  • Hernus Kriel (b. 1941), South African politician, the first Premier of the Western Cape province (1994-1998)
  • Jaco Kriel (b. 1989), South African rugby union player
  • Anneline Kriel (b. 1955), South African model and actress, Miss World (1974) at the age of nineteen
  • Marianne Kriel (b. 1971), South African bronze medalist competitive swimmer at the 1996 Summer Olympics

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Kriel Family Crest Products


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Kriel Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  2. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  3. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  4. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  5. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  6. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  8. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  9. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  10. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  11. ...

The Kriel Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Kriel Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 25 August 2016 at 19:19.

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