The German surname Kalman emerged in the lands that formed the modern state of Lower Saxony
, which is presently bordered by the North Sea, the Hartz mountains and the Elbe and Ems rivers. Lower Saxony
was previously a medieval Saxon dukedom. The name Kalman, which is a local
surname, reveals that the original bearer of the name once lived, held land, or was born in this beautiful region of Lower Saxony
. In the Holy Roman Empire
, hereditary surnames
were adopted according to fairly general rules and after the 12th century, names that were derived from localities became increasingly widespread.
Early Origins of the Kalman family
The surname Kalman was first found in Bremen, where this family made important contributions toward the development of this district from ancient times. Always prominent in social and political affairs, the family formed alliances with other families within the Feudal
System and the nation. Ancient chronicles first mention Herman Kalleman of Bremen in the year 1476. The medieval German word "Kalle" referred to water, and was taken on in various forms as a surname all along the North Sea coast and in Westphalia
. Thus chronicles also mention Johann von Calle of Bremen in 1313. Bremen, including the port city Bremerhaven, is Germany's smallest state. A bishop's residence since 787, Bremen became an archbishop's seat in 847. As early as 1358 Bremen held the status of a "Reichsstadt," an Imperial City that was subject only to the Emperor. Although some of its surrounding territory belonged to Sweden after 1648, as well as to the Kingdom of Hannover in 1715, Bremen entered the German Federation in 1815 as a Free City. Bremen was not built by Dukes or Kings, but by its own citizens -- bearers of the name participated in this city's rise to prominence as a trading center.
Early History of the Kalman family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kalman research.Another 218 words (16 lines of text) covering the year 1476 is included under the topic Early Kalman History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kalman Spelling Variations
of this family name include: Kalman, Kalmann, Kahlmann, Kahlman, Kallman, Kallemann, Kalleman, Calman, Calmann, Callmann, Callman, Cahlmann and many more.
Early Notables of the Kalman family (pre 1700)
Another 22 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kalman Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kalman family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Kalman Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Aby Kalman, aged 3, who landed in America from Manchester, in 1903
- Andras Kalman, aged 4, who landed in America from Tarkacz, Hungary, in 1907
- Aranka Kalman, aged 1, who landed in America from Perlasz, Hungary, in 1909
- Anna Kalman, aged 23, who landed in America from Fertosalmas, Hungary, in 1911
- Abram Kalman, aged 24, who settled in America from London, England, in 1912
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Contemporary Notables of the name Kalman (post 1700)
- Maira Kalman (b. 1949), American graphic designer and illustrator
- Rudolf Kalman (b. 1930), Hungarian-born, American scientist and professor, widely known for his development of the Kalman filter, a mathematical method now widely used in navigation, especially aviation
- Emmerich Kalman (1882-1953), Hungarian composer who settled in Vienna until 1938, and then came to America
- Tibor Kalman (1949-1999), Hungarian graphic designer, editor-in-chief of Colors magazine