When the ancestors of the Harnsworde family emigrated to England
following the Norman Conquest
in 1066 they brought their family name with them. They lived in the town of Hemsworth in Yorkshire
. The place-name was recorded in the Domesday Book
It was originally derived from the Old English personal name Hymel
and the Old English word word,
which means enclosure.
The personal name Hymel is a short form of names such as Hunbeald, which means bear-cub bold,
which means bear-cub bright.
Thus, the name Harnsworde changed dramatically over time. Surnames rarely appeared in their modern form in ancient chronicles. In the 11th and 12th centuries, it was common practice to Latinize names in official records. The modern spelling of a surname is usually related to the phonetic spelling of that name that was developed during the 17th or 18th century.
Early Origins of the Harnsworde family
The surname Harnsworde was first found in Yorkshire
at Hemsworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. At the taking of the Domesday Book
survey, initiated by Duke William in the year 1086 after his conquest of England
at the Battle of Hastings in the year 1066, Hemsworth was held by Gamel, a Norman noble, who held it from the tenant-in-chief Ilbert de Lacy. Conjecturally, the Hemsworth line is descended from this source. Alternatively, the name could have been derived from Harmondsworth, a parish in Middlesex. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Harnsworde family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harnsworde research.Another 135 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harnsworde History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harnsworde Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations
are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Harnsworde has been recorded under many different variations, including Hamsworth, Harmsworth, Hemsworth and others.
Early Notables of the Harnsworde family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Harnsworde Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnsworde family to Ireland
Some of the Harnsworde family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnsworde family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England
, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Harnswordes were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America: William Hemsworth who landed in North America in 1700.
The Harnsworde Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Manus haec inimica tyrannis
Motto Translation: This hand is hostile to tyrants.