Harnswithey is one of the many names that the Normans
brought with them when they conquered England
in 1066. The Harnswithey family lived in the town of Hemsworth in Yorkshire
. The place-name was recorded in the Domesday Book
It was originally derived from the Old English personal name Hymel
and the Old English word word,
which means enclosure.
The personal name Hymel is a short form of names such as Hunbeald, which means bear-cub bold,
which means bear-cub bright.
Thus, the name Harnswithey changed dramatically over time. Surnames rarely appeared in their modern form in ancient chronicles. In the 11th and 12th centuries, it was common practice to Latinize names in official records. The modern spelling of a surname is usually related to the phonetic spelling of that name that was developed during the 17th or 18th century.
Early Origins of the Harnswithey family
The surname Harnswithey was first found in Yorkshire
at Hemsworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. At the taking of the Domesday Book
survey, initiated by Duke William in the year 1086 after his conquest of England
at the Battle of Hastings in the year 1066, Hemsworth was held by Gamel, a Norman noble, who held it from the tenant-in-chief Ilbert de Lacy. Conjecturally, the Hemsworth line is descended from this source. Alternatively, the name could have been derived from Harmondsworth, a parish in Middlesex. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Harnswithey family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harnswithey research.Another 135 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harnswithey History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harnswithey Spelling Variations
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Harnswithey family name include Hamsworth, Harmsworth, Hemsworth and others.
Early Notables of the Harnswithey family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Harnswithey Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnswithey family to Ireland
Some of the Harnswithey family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnswithey family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Harnswithey family to immigrate North America: William Hemsworth who landed in North America in 1700.
The Harnswithey Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Manus haec inimica tyrannis
Motto Translation: This hand is hostile to tyrants.