The name Harnswithay was carried to England
in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Harnswithay family lived in the town of Hemsworth in Yorkshire
. The place-name was recorded in the Domesday Book
It was originally derived from the Old English personal name Hymel
and the Old English word word,
which means enclosure.
The personal name Hymel is a short form of names such as Hunbeald, which means bear-cub bold,
which means bear-cub bright.
Thus, the name Harnswithay changed dramatically over time. Surnames rarely appeared in their modern form in ancient chronicles. In the 11th and 12th centuries, it was common practice to Latinize names in official records. The modern spelling of a surname is usually related to the phonetic spelling of that name that was developed during the 17th or 18th century.
Early Origins of the Harnswithay family
The surname Harnswithay was first found in Yorkshire
at Hemsworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. At the taking of the Domesday Book
survey, initiated by Duke William in the year 1086 after his conquest of England
at the Battle of Hastings in the year 1066, Hemsworth was held by Gamel, a Norman noble, who held it from the tenant-in-chief Ilbert de Lacy. Conjecturally, the Hemsworth line is descended from this source. Alternatively, the name could have been derived from Harmondsworth, a parish in Middlesex. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Harnswithay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harnswithay research.Another 135 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harnswithay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harnswithay Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations
are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans
introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Hamsworth, Harmsworth, Hemsworth and others.
Early Notables of the Harnswithay family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Harnswithay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnswithay family to Ireland
Some of the Harnswithay family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnswithay family to the New World and Oceana
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland
, North America, and Australia
in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England
. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Harnswithay or a variant listed above: William Hemsworth who landed in North America in 1700.
The Harnswithay Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Manus haec inimica tyrannis
Motto Translation: This hand is hostile to tyrants.