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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The illustrious surname Hackword is classified as a habitation surname, which was originally derived from a place-name, and is one form of surname belonging to a broader group called hereditary surnames. Habitation names were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names, form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree.

Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Hackword is a place-name from in the county of Devon. Hackword is a habitation surname, which comes from the category of hereditary surnames, and were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The place-name is derived from the Old English personal name Haca, and from the Old English word worthig, which meant enclosure, or enclosed settlement. The place-name taken as a whole means settlement of a man called Haca.

Hackword Early Origins



The surname Hackword was first found in Devon where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Hackworthy, a tiny village noted for a wood called Hackworthy Brakes. At the time of the taking of the Domesday Book in 1086 A.D., this village, originally pre Conquest called Hacheurde, was held by the wife of Hervey de Hellean or Helion, a Norman noble who came from Hillion, near St. Brieux in Brittany and was a Tenant-in-Chief in Devon. This Baron Hellean was the ancestor of the Asseristons, or Asshetons, or Ashtons of Devon. It was from this same source that, conjecturally, the Hacksworthy is also derived. For further reading of the Helleans of Devon and Brittany, please refer to the Devon Worthies.

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Hackword Spelling Variations


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Hackword Spelling Variations



Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton surnames have many spelling variations. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England after the Norman Conquest, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Hackworthy, Hawksworthy, Axworthy, Acksworthy and many more.

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Hackword Early History


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Hackword Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hackword research. Another 127 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 138 and 1380 are included under the topic Early Hackword History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Hackword Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Hackword Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Hackword Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Hackword, or a variant listed above: Thomas Axworthy who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1849.

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Hackword Family Crest Products


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Hackword Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
    2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
    3. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    4. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    5. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    6. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    7. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    8. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    9. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
    10. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    11. ...

    The Hackword Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Hackword Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 23 January 2014 at 14:49.

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