Gouge History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Gouge family

The surname Gouge was first found in Roxburghshire. One of the first records of the name was found in France alluding to its Norman heritage: Martin Gouge (c. 1360-1444), a French chancellor.

However, some of the family were found further south at Billesley in Warwickshire in early times. "The estate was afterwards possessed by Bishop Sherlock, through whose sister, who married Sir Thomas Gooch (1674-1754), Bishop of Ely, it passed into the Gooch family." [1]

Early History of the Gouge family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gouge research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1165, 1614, 1746, 1540, 1594, 1575, 1653, 1643, 1681, 1751, 1727, 1749, 1730, 1674, 1754, 1540, 1594, 1578, 1653, 1575, 1578, 1630, 1705, 1609, 1681, 1609, 1665 and 1700 are included under the topic Early Gouge History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gouge Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Googh, Gouche, Gowk, Googe, Gooch, Gooche and others.

Early Notables of the Gouge family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name during their early history was Sir John Gooch of Suffolk; Barnabe Googe (1540-1594), an English poet and translator; William Gouge (1575-1653), an English clergyman and author, minister and preacher at St Ann Blackfriars, member of the Westminster Assembly from 1643; Sir William Gooch (1681-1751), 1st Baronet, born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, Governor of Virginia (1727-1749) responsible for the passage of the Tobacco Inspection Act of 1730, eponym of Goochland County, Virginia; Sir Thomas Gooch, 2nd Baronet (1674-1754), an English bishop, brother to Sir William. Barnabe Googe (1540-1594), was an English poet, son of Robert Googe, recorder of...
Another 115 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gouge Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Gouge migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gouge Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Ino Gouge, who landed in Virginia in 1650 [2]
  • Philip Gouge, who landed in Maryland in 1658 [2]
  • Jane Gouge, who arrived in Virginia in 1664 [2]
  • Bridgett Gouge, who arrived in Maryland in 1672 [2]
  • Mary Gouge, who landed in Maryland in 1677 [2]
Gouge Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • James Gouge, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1712 [2]
  • John Gouge, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [2]

Australia Gouge migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gouge Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • C. Gouge, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Hyde" in 1849 [3]
  • Mr. Charles Gouge, (b. 1823), aged 25, English convict who was convicted in London, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Bangalore" on 1st January 1850, arriving in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia [4]

New Zealand Gouge migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Gouge Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Frederick Gouge, aged 26, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
  • George Gouge, aged 20, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865

Contemporary Notables of the name Gouge (post 1700) +

  • Frederick Hamilton Gouge (1845-1927), American architect based in Utica, New York
  • Thomas Gouge Jr., American politician, Candidate for U.S. Senator from Tennessee, 1958 [5]
  • Arthur Gouge, British inventor of the Gouge flap, allowing pilots to increase both the wing area and the chord of an aircraft's wing in 1936


The Gouge Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Audaces juvat
Motto Translation: Fortune favours the bold.


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM HYDE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849WilliamHyde.htm
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 11th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/australasia
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 23) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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