Gaymer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The origins of the Gaymer name lie with England's ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It comes from when the family lived on the bank of a river or stream named the of Cam. The surname Gaymer is topographic in nature, the type of surname that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a river or stream. The surname also refers to the camb, which is the crest of a hill or a dike.

Early Origins of the Gaymer family

The surname Gaymer was first found in Gloucestershire, where the name is associated with the village of Cam, a parish, in the union of Dursley, Upper division of the hundred of Berkeley.

"This place is distinguished as the scene of a battle fought between the Saxons and the Danes, in the reign of Edward the Elder. The parish takes its name from a rivulet that divides it into Upper and Lower, and falls into the Severn at Frampton." [1]

In the Domesday Book survey of 1086 Cam was recorded as King's land. [2] Early in the history of the family name it branched to Lincolnshire, where Ralph de Caham was registered in 1162, to Norfolk, where Osbert de Cam was living during the reign of King Henry II, and to Hampshire, where Fabian de Cam was recorded in 1184 and William Cam in 1205. By the 13th century the name was established in Somerset, where William de Camme was living in 1214. Hugh de Camme was a resident of Gloucestershire in 1221. [3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 lists the following: Henry del Cam, Suffolk; and Robert de Cam, Oxfordshire. Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Willelmus Cambe, conttabularius; Johannes Cambe; and Nicholaus Cambe as all holding lands there at that time. [4]

Early History of the Gaymer family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gaymer research. Another 258 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1275, 1326, 1500, 1633, 1716, 1733, 1771, 1326, 1415, 1399, 1627, 1705, 1627, 1604, 1656, 1641, 1707 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Gaymer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gaymer Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Gaymer were recorded, including Cam, Camm, Camme, Caham, Cahm, Cahme and others.

Early Notables of the Gaymer family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: John de Cam, the Rector of Kirkby-Cane in Norfolk in 1326. David Gam (d. 1415), was a Welsh warrior, "more properly styled Davydd ab Llewelyn. 'Gam' is a nickname meaning 'squinting,' which, like other Welsh nicknames, became equivalent to a surname. David's father was Llewelyn, the son of Hywel, the son of Eineon Sais. Llewelyn possessed fair estates in the parishes of Garthbrengy and Llanddew,which lay within the honour or lordship of Brecon, a dependency of the earldom of Hereford, and after 1399 lapsed to the crown by the accession of Henry IV...
Another 140 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gaymer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gaymer family

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Gaymer family emigrate to North America: Thomas Cam who arrived in Maine in 1605.


Contemporary Notables of the name Gaymer (post 1700) +

  • William Gaymer Jr. (1842-1936), English businessman who inherited the family run Gaymer Cider Company; he built up the family business to the point at which it employed 400 men, had a London office and a Royal Warrant, the company is though to have dated back at least 200 years before
  • Dame Janet Marion Gaymer DBE, QC (b. 1947), British Civil Service Commissioner and Commissioner for Public Appointments (2006-2010), former senior partner of Simmons & Simmons, an international law firm, as well as Chair of the Employment Tribunal System Taskforce


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)


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