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The history of the Gaunt family name begins after the Norman Conquest of 1066. They lived person who was "gaunt," [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
as in Shakespeare's character John of Gaunt in Richard II "Oh how my name befits my composition! Old Gaunt, indeed, and gaunt in being old." Another more credible origin of the name is having derived "from the town of Gaunt, now Ghent, in Flanders." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
This source continues "Gilbert de Gand or Gant, a great Domesday tenant, was son of Baldwin, Earl of Flanders, whose sister William the Conqueror married." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.


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The surname Gaunt was first found in Kent where Richard le Gaunt was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1219. The same year Gilbert de Gaunt was listed in the same rolls in Lincolnshire. A few years later, Maurice le Gant was listed in the Assize Rolls of Somerset in 1225. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Another Maurice le Gant (died 1230) was the founder of Beverston Castle in Gloucestershire in 1225. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had numerous entries for the family: Hugh le Gant and John le Gant in Oxfordshire; Gilbert le Gaunt in Cambridgeshire; Robert le Gaunt in Lincolnshire; and Henry le Gaunt and Maurice de Gaunt in Somerset. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list: Willelmus Gaunte; and Petrus de Gaunt. [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Gaunt, Gant and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gaunt research. Another 191 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1219, 1340, 1399 and 1685 are included under the topic Early Gaunt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gaunt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Gaunt or a variant listed above were:

Gaunt Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Peter Gaunt who landed in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1637
  • Robert Gaunt settled in Virginia in 1637
  • Peter Gaunt, who landed in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1637
  • Rich Gaunt, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Robert Gaunt, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • ...

Gaunt Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Richard Gaunt, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1820
  • John and Ann Gaunt, who came to New York State with seven children in 1823
  • William Gaunt, who landed in Mississippi in 1839
  • Leonard Gaunt, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1848
  • Joshua Gaunt, who came to America in 1865

Gaunt Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Joseph Gaunt, aged 28, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Thetis"

Gaunt Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Jane Gaunt, aged 20, a housemaid, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Douglas" in 1873
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  • Sidney Clyde Gaunt (1874-1932), American typographer, and artist, responsible for hundreds of type fonts
  • John L. Gaunt (1924-2007), American Pulitzer Prize-winning (1955) photographer
  • Viva Gaunt (1892-1974), American Republican politician, Nurse; Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1956
  • Sharon Gaunt, American Democrat politician, Chair of Isabella County Democratic Party, 2007
  • George W. F. Gaunt (1865-1918), American Republican politician, Member of New Jersey State Senate from Gloucester County, 1909-17; Delegate to Republican National Convention from New Jersey, 1916
  • Elisha Gaunt, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Burlington County, 1855-56
  • Alfred Calvin Gaunt (b. 1882), American Republican politician, Member of Massachusetts Governor's Council, 1947-48; Defeated, 1948
  • John Gaunt, English airplane designer and build of the Gaunt biplane no.2 'Baby' which successfully flew in the summer of 1911
  • Genevieve Gaunt, English actress, best known for her role as Pansy Parkinson in the Harry Potter film Prisoner of Azkaban
  • F Iona Gaunt (b. 1951), English actress, and the mother of child actress Genevieve Gaunt
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Gaunt Historic Events



Empress of Ireland

  • Miss Doris Winifred Gaunt (1896-1914), English First Class Passenger from Birmingham, England, United Kingdom who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland on May 29th 1914
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Citations



  1. ^ Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Other References

  1. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  2. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  3. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  4. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  5. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  6. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  7. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  8. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  10. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  11. ...

The Gaunt Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gaunt Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 June 2016 at 13:47.

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