The name Gareston reached England
in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Gareston family lived in Garston, Lancashire
, a hamlet on the river Mersey. Here they held the title of Lords of the Manor of Garston, and from it took their name. There are several other locations so named in England
and any individual case of the name may be a reference to the bearer's residence in one of these other places. The name of Garston, Lancashire
derives from the Old English elements great,
which means large or imposing,
which means stone.
Other places named Garston generally derive from the Old English elements goers or grass,
which means grass,
which means enclosure or settlement.
This is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname,
which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Gareston family
The surname Gareston was first found in Lancashire
where they were Lords of the manor of Garston, a small hamlet on the Mersey. "At a very early period this place gave name to a local
family, of whom Adam de Gerstan died in 1265." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
However, the first record was of Matthew de Garston who held land at Garston and the fourth part of the fishing on the River Mersey in 1130. Matthew was succeeded by Henry whose daughter Albrera gave to Henry of Walton one bovate of land. Gilbert de Garston also gave a bovate of land in Garston in 1199 to Roger, son of Osbertus of Aynosdale. Involved in this transaction was John, Earl of Morton, who confirmed this grant when he ascended the throne, King John.
Early History of the Gareston family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gareston research.Another 154 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1600, 1641, 1640 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Gareston History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gareston Spelling Variations
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Gareston family name include Garstone, Garston, Garstin, Garstine and others.
Early Notables of the Gareston family (pre 1700)
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gareston Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gareston family to Ireland
Some of the Gareston family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 108 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gareston family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Gareston family to immigrate North America: Joseph Garston who settled in Annapolis Maryland in 1753.