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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, Irish


Gainey Early Origins



The surname Gainey was first found in Huntingdonshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Redinger held by Richard d'Engaine who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. Richard was of Engen near Boulogne and accompanied the Conqueror at Hastings. Vitalis, his son, married the daughter of the Earl of Oxford, Alberic de Ver. It is apparent that the main line of the family were one of the rebellious barons for the next we hear is of Vitalis and Richard in Northumberland in 1130. Ralph Engaine held estates in Cumberland in 1158. Some lines of the family continued in Gloucestershire, Suffolk and Devon where Richard Ingayn held in 1310.

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Gainey Spelling Variations


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Gainey Spelling Variations



Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Gainey were recorded, including Engain, Gain, Gayn, Gaines, Ingain, Engham, Engaine, D'Engain, D'Engayne, Engame, Engam, Gayne, Gayn, Gaynes, Angain, Gayney, Dengaine, Dengayne, Dangain, D'Angain, Gagne, Ingen and many more.

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Gainey Early History


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Gainey Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gainey research. Another 284 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1124, 1299, 1346, 1347, and 1380 are included under the topic Early Gainey History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Gainey Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Gainey Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Gainey Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Gainey arrived in North America very early:

Gainey Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Gainey, who settled in Maryland in 1673
  • William Gainey, who landed in Maryland in 1673

Gainey Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Owen Gainey, who arrived in Maryland in 1836
  • Michael Gainey, who was naturalized in Georgia in 1894

Gainey Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Gainey, aged 52, a gardener, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Constance"
  • William Gainey, aged 22, a wheelwright, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Constance"

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Contemporary Notables of the name Gainey (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Gainey (post 1700)



  • Edward Eugene 'Ed" Gainey (b. 1990), American football defensive back, currently a member of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League
  • Edward "Ed" Gainey (b. 2013), American politician, Democratic member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
  • Michael Connor "M. C." Gainey (b. 1948), American actor, best known for his roles as Southern or Southwestern thugs and criminals
  • Lieutenant General Kathleen M. Gainey, American Army, current Director for Logistics, J4, the Joint Staff
  • Telmanch "Ty" Gainey (b. 1960), American former Major League Baseball outfielder
  • Tommy "Two Gloves" Gainey (b. 1975), American professional PGA golfer
  • Michael Connor "Mike" Gainey (b. 1948), American film and television actor
  • Daniel C. Gainey, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Minnesota, 1948 (alternate), 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964 (alternate)
  • Steve Gainey (b. 1979), Canadian professional ice hockey forward
  • Command Sergeant Major William J. "Joe" Gainey (b. 1956), the first Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (SEAC)
  • ... (Another 1 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Gainey Family Crest Products


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Gainey Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  2. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  3. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  5. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  6. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  9. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  10. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  11. ...

The Gainey Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gainey Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 November 2015 at 12:04.

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