Fillay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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Early Origins of the Fillay family
The surname Fillay was first found in Essex where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Norman influence of English history prevailed after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience dominated. The family name was first referenced in the year 1245 when Richard was recorded as Fitz le Roy, that is 'son of the King' and we may allude to the reference to be that of King John. This tradition has remained in the family to this day. However, there was an earlier family of Fitzroy who was the illegitimate son of King Henry 1st about 1140. The parish of Euston in Suffolk was home to another branch of the family. "Euston Hall, the seat of the Duke of Grafton, is a handsome mansion, with a park tastefully arranged, in which is the church, forming an interesting feature in the demesne. The church, a handsome edifice with a tower, was erected in the reign of Charles II., by Lord Henry Arlington, to whom there is a monument; it also contains several memorials to the Fitzroy family, whose place of sepulture it is, and some slabs with ancient brasses." 
Important Dates for the Fillay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Fillay research. Another 223 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1487, 1617, 1650, 1684, 1665, 1716, 1663, 1690, 1683, 1757, 1720 and 1724 are included under the topic Early Fillay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Fillay Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Fillery, Filley, Fillary, Fildry, Filary, Filery, Filey, Fillie, Fildery, Filleigh, Fitzroy, Fitzroi and many more.
Early Notables of the Fillay family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was William Filley (1617-?), English settler and founder of Windsor, Connecticut; Charlotte FitzRoy (1650-1684), one of the many acknowledged illegitimate children of King Charles II; Lieutenant-General George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG, PC (1665-1716), the third and youngest illegitimate son of...
Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Fillay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Fillay family
Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Fillay name or one of its variants: the name represented in many forms and recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Virginia, the Carolinas, and to the islands..
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.