There are several possible origins for the distinguished surname Eland. Firstly, it is derived from the Old English "ealand," meaning "low-lying land" or "island." Alternatively, it may be derived from several place names in Northern England
, such as Ealand in Lincolnshire
, Little Eland in Northumberland
, or Elland in Yorkshire.
Early Origins of the Eland family
The surname Eland was first found in the West Riding of Yorkshire
, where the surname is descended from Ilbert de Lacy, who was the tenant
of the lands of Elland according to the Domesday Book
of 1086. Some of the family were found at Whitworth in Lancashire
in early times. "The manor [of Whitworth] was granted by 'divers donators' to the convent of Stanlow in Cheshire
, in the reign of John; among these donors was Sir John de Elland, parcener of the lordship of Rochdale, who gave one moiety of the manor." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Eland family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Eland research.Another 208 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1379, 1484, 1542 and 1510 are included under the topic Early Eland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Eland Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Eland, Elland, Elan, Elande, Eyland, Eyeland, Egland, Eylan and many more.
Early Notables of the Eland family (pre 1700)
Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Eland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Eland family to Ireland
Some of the Eland family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 74 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Eland family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Eland or a variant listed above:
Eland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Adam Eland, who settled in Virginia in 1690
Eland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Engelhard Eland, aged 18, who arrived in New York, NY in 1848 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Eland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Franz Eland, aged 28, who landed in Quebec in 1868
- Joseph Eland, who was recorded in the 1871 census of Ontario
Eland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- W.E. Eland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1846 CITATION[CLOSE]
State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Hooghly.htm
Contemporary Notables of the name Eland (post 1700)
- Ivan Eland (b. 1958), American defense analyst and author, Senior Fellow and Director of the Center on Peace and Liberty at the Independent Institute
- Derek Eland (b. 1961), English multidisciplinary artist based in his home county of Cumbria, official war artist based in Afghanistan during 2011
- Lady Clifford Eland, British wife of Sir Miles Clifford, Governor of the Falkland Islands, eponym of the Eland Mountains, Antarctica
- Ronald Allen Eland CM OBC, Canadian commercial helicopter pilot, a "pioneer in the development of high altitude winch rescue and mountain flying techniques"
- John Hugh David Eland FRS (b. 1941), British chemist, Fellow of Worcester College, Oxford