Show ContentsEarp History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Earp family

The surname Earp was first found in Lincolnshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. But Saxon surnames survived and the family name was first referenced in the year 1200 when Matthew Yrp held estates.

Early History of the Earp family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Earp research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1332, 1455, and 1487 are included under the topic Early Earp History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Earp Spelling Variations

Earp has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Earp, Irp, Yrp, Epp, Eppe, Erp, Eirpe, Yrpe, Epps and others.

Early Notables of the Earp family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Earp Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Earp Ranking

In the United States, the name Earp is the 8,305th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [1]

United States Earp migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Earps to arrive on North American shores:

Earp Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Earp, who landed in America in 1794 [2]
  • Robert Earp, who arrived in America in 1794 [2]
Earp Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Earp, who landed in New York in 1836 [2]

Australia Earp migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Earp Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Earp, British Convict who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Earl St Vincent" on 6th April 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Mr. William Earp, British Convict who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Dudbrook" on 17th November 1852, arriving in Western Australia [4]

New Zealand Earp migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Earp Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Geo B Earp, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Coromandel
  • George B. Earp, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Coromandel" in 1840
  • William Earp, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842
  • Mr. Earp, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Traveller" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 22nd July 1859 [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Earp (post 1700) +

  • Wyatt Berry Stamp Earp (1848-1929), American frontier law officer involved in the famous gunfight at the O. K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona (1881)
  • Morgan Seth Earp (1851-1882), American deputy lawman, brother to Virgil and Wyatt Earp, wounded at the O.K. Coral gunfight, assassinated on March 18, 1882 while he was playing billiards
  • Mildred "Millie" Earp (1925-1947), American former female pitcher in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (1947 to 1950)
  • James Cooksey Earp (1841-1926), American saloon-keeper in the Old West, not present at the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
  • Baxter Warren Earp (1855-1900), American lawman, the youngest son of the Earp family
  • Nicholas Porter Earp (1813-1907), American including patriarch and justice of the peace officer, father of James, Virgil, Wyatt, Morgan and Warren Earp
  • Jap B. Earp, American Democratic Party politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Oklahoma, 1940 [6]
  • Carroll M. Earp, American Republican politician, Candidate for West Virginia State Senate 5th District, 1976 [6]
  • Walter Thomas Clifford Earp (1879-1921), English pioneer racing motorist
  • Thomas Earp (1830-1910), English Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1874 to 1885
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

  1. ^
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 10th September 2021). Retrieved from
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 23rd July 2021). Retrieved from
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 7) . Retrieved from on Facebook