The De quincey surname is one of the many Norman names that came to Britain following 1066. The De quincey surname is generally thought to have come from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune, Pays de Calais region of northern France; however there were several places in France such as Quincy-sous-Sénard in Seine-et-Oise or Quincy-Voisins in Seine-et-Marne. Another reference states clearly that the name is "a baronial family from Quincé, Maine." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
These place names all derive from the Gallo-Roman personal name
Quintus, meaning "fifth-born."
Early Origins of the De quincey family
The surname De quincey was first found in Northamptonshire, where the first of several to bear the name Saer de Quincy (Saer I) was Lord of the Manor of Long Buckby. Saer I was the second husband of Matilda of St Liz, stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland
, and thus the family had holdings in Scotland
from very early times.
This line produced Saer de Quincy (1170-1219), 1st Earl of Winchester. He was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England. He fought against King John after the Magna Carta was signed in 1215. While on the Fifth Crusade in 1219, he fell sick and died and was buried in Acre, the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
He had a grant from the crown of the Manor of Bushley in Northamptonshire, previously the property of Anselme de Conchis. He had two sons, one was a Soldier of the Cross and the other named Saier was created Earl of Winchester by King John. CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print. "The name is in Holinshed's list of the followers of William the Conqueror." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the De quincey family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our De quincey research.Another 226 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1160, 1155, 1219, 1195, 1265, 1155, 1219, 1219 and 1722 are included under the topic Early De quincey History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
De quincey Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Quincy, Quincey, de Quincey, Quince and others.
Early Notables of the De quincey family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Saer de Quincy (1155-1219), 1st Earl of Winchester, a prominent figure in both Scotland
and England, who was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England
that followed the Magna Carta. He died in 1219... Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early De quincey Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the De quincey family to Ireland
Some of the De quincey family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 74 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the De quincey family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name De quincey or a variant listed above: Parker Quince who settled in Boston in 1763; Edmund Quincy, originally of Wigsthorp in Northumberland
(of the Scottish Quinceys), settled in Boston in 1633.
Contemporary Notables of the name De quincey (post 1700)
- Christian de Quincey Ph. D.,, American philosopher and author, professor of Philosophy and Consciousness Studies at John F. Kennedy University
- Thomas Penson De Quincey (1785-1859), English essayist, best known for his Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1821)
- Captain Richard Saher de Quincey (1897-1965), British World War I fighter pilot and later a cattle breeder of note winning many prizes and export markets
- Paul Frederick De Quincey (1828-1894), English-born, New Zealand politician, Member of Parliament for Pensioner Settlements (1866-1867)